To make homemade wine really tasty, you have to learn the art of winemaking for a long time. But it is within the power of absolutely every person. Of course, creating a masterpiece is difficult, but the taste is pleasant.
It is first necessary to prepare the containers. They are subject to cleanliness requirements so that fungi do not get into the drink and the taste is good. Barrels and bottles can simply be thoroughly treated with hot water and wiped, or smoke with sulfur. If there was milk in the containers, they will not work!
You will need:
- yeast - a spoon;
- cherry - 3 kg;
- one and a half kilograms of sugar;
- 4 liters of water.
Berries are sorted and cleaned. They are poured with boiling water, put under pressure, wait 4 days. Filter, add lemon juice, sugar, yeast, put in a warm place for a couple of weeks. Then the liquid is thoroughly mixed, left for 5 months. At the end of the deadline, you can pour it.
Wine from Irgi
You will need:
- liter of jirgi juice;
- kilogram of sugar;
- 2 liters of water.
First make syrup. Sugar is placed in the water, stirred occasionally. Cook for 15 minutes.
Squeezed juice is poured into a large bottle along with syrup. It is closed, a glass tube is inserted. A rubber tube is put on it, and the other end is introduced into a container of water. After the mixture becomes light, it is poured into a bottle. It is recommended to store wine for at least 3 months. The position of the containers should be inclined.
Rose Petal Wine
It is necessary to collect rose petals and dry them in the sun. Then place in a glass dish, close the lid.
Then grapes are taken and juice is squeezed. Petals are wrapped with gauze, dipped in wine, it is necessary that it ferment. After fermentation, wine is added, you should wait until it ferments, and pour it into bottles.
You will need the ingredients:
- a spoonful of cinnamon;
- 2 kilograms of apples;
- 2 liters of water;
- 2.5 cups of sugar.
The apples are washed, chopped, placed in a pan. Water is poured into the container, cinnamon is added, and boiled until tender. Rub apples, leave to ferment, add sugar. After the wine is cooked, it is poured, stored in a cool room.
Homemade apple wine
You will need:
- 2 cups sugar;
- 2 cups of currant juice;
- 4 glasses of water.
How to make homemade redcurrant wine? They wash the berry, get rid of twigs, rub it, squeeze the juice. Water, sugar are added to it, left to ferment for several weeks. Periodically, the contents are mixed with a wooden spoon. After the juice becomes peeled, it is poured and stored.
If you still have cans with last year's jam, you should not throw them away, because you can make a tasty drink.
You will need:
- 100 grams of raisins;
- liter of jam;
- litere of water.
You should find a 3-liter jar, cheesecloth, capron lid, rubber glove. The role of yeast is raisins.
As berries are used: plums, apples, strawberries, raspberries, currants. Different types should not be used at the same time.
- Wash the can.
- Boil 1 liter of water. Wait until it cools to room temperature.
- Put the jam in a jar, pour raisins.
- Mix the components, close the jar with a lid. Soak the wort for 10 days.
- Remove the lid, collect the pulp, strain. Pour the wort into a clean jar.
- Put a glove on the jar, after making a hole in one of your fingers.
- Place the jar in a warm place for a month. After the glove drops, the wine will lighten.
- It remains only to drain the precipitate.
Universal wine production technology
How to make homemade wine competently? There are several nuances to which you should pay attention. Berries and other fruits are harvested in dry sunny weather. Before this, it should not rain for a couple of days.
No matter which recipe you choose, the fruits must be ripe. Unripe fruits ruin the taste. It is not worth it to apply the scavenger. Fruit processing should be carried out for 2 days, then the fruits become unusable.
Fruits are washed, peeled, crushed, placed in a pot so that ¾ volume is taken. Mix the mixture with a wooden spoon.
Regardless of which recipe you like, the contact of berries with metal, except for stainless steel, must be excluded. Otherwise, the fruit will oxidize, which will spoil the aroma of the drink.
Kneading berries should be done by hand. They can be placed in an enameled pan, either in plastic or in wooden containers.
How to get pure juice
After fermentation begins, it is necessary to squeeze the juice. It is filtered using gauze, while being poured from one container to another a couple of times. This is necessary for oxygen saturation.
Then the juice is poured into a fermentation tank. It can be bottles and cans.
Installation of a water lock
In order for carbon dioxide to escape and oxygen not to enter, a water shutter must be installed. The classic version is a can, a lid and a tube. You can use a medical glove if you make a hole in one of your fingers.
Active fermentation phase
After the water seal is installed, the juice should be set to the optimum temperature. So for white wine it is 16-22 degrees, for red - from 22 to 28 degrees. If the temperature drops below 10 degrees, you can forget about a quality drink.
If you see that the wine has stopped fermenting, add ferment! Alcoholic yeast is prohibited.
How to add sugar
Sugar content of wort, so that fermentation proceeds normally, should be about 12 percent. Sugar is added in small portions. After a few days, the wort is tasted. After it acquires a sour taste, 50 g of sugar is added to each liter of juice.
Repeat the procedure several times. If the sugar content does not decrease, you can proceed to the next step.
Disposal of sediment
When a loose precipitate is formed, wine should be poured. If this is not done, it will be bitter.
Pour the drink using a siphon. From the sediment, the tube should be located at a distance of more than 2 centimeters. The color of the liquid will be transparent, there is nothing to worry about, subsequently it will form.
Quiet Fermentation Stage
During the presented stage is the formation of taste. The process takes up to 380 days.
A container with a drink is placed under a water seal. Storage is carried out in a dark place. The ambient temperature should be 10-16 degrees. White wine is aged for 40 days, red - up to 90 days.
How to lighten a drink
Wine stored in the basement can become cloudy. It can be clarified with egg white or gelatin pasting. The presented process has no effect on taste.
How to pour and store
At the last stage, a drink of grapes or other berries is bottled and tightly corked. Store it in a lying position in a dry and cool place. The temperature should be about 6-8 degrees.
Secrets of making quality wine
- Choose quality fruits. Bad grapes or other berries will not make a delicious wine. Before you get the juice, you should grind the fruits. Soft berries are crumpled with a pestle.
- The taste of juice depends on acidity. Additional processing does not require drinks from grapes, some varieties of apples and pears. In other cases, acidity will have to be reduced.
- It is recommended to squeeze berries using a special press made of canvas or kapron fabric.
- It is important to remove the sediment in time! Wine must be drained within two weeks after fermentation.
- No metal tanks! The dishes are thoroughly washed with hot and then cold water using soda. So you get rid of odors.
- If you do not wash the berries, the yeast that is on them is enough to carry out the fermentation process. If after a week the process did not start, yeast should be added.
Home made grape wine
You can make wine yourself completely from different berries and fruits. Even a novice can handle the process, the main thing is to follow the technology. A number of rules should be observed - do not use metal utensils, observe the temperature regime, and get rid of sediment in time.