Mountain ash is a symbol of national nature. It is unlikely that there will be a tree so beautiful in the autumn season - openwork leaves, bright healthy berries, an elegant crown ...
Many imagine mountain ash as a tree with delicate leaves and bitter orange-red fruits. In fact, about 80 species and even more plant hybrids stand out. Their appearance, as well as the distribution area, is completely different. There are real giants - up to 25 meters, and small shrubs - 2 meters high. The color of the fruit can be burgundy, white, red, orange, yellow, cream, pink. Wild species differ in that their fruits are not bitter, but rather sweet.
The most famous varieties
There are many varieties whose berries are neither bitter nor astringent. They are the result of selection or hybridization.
The most famous variety is Nevezhinskaya. A tree with sweet fruits was found near the village of Nevezhino. The variety is divided into several varieties:
- "Red" - has sweet fruits;
- "Cubic" - sweet and sour berries;
- "Yellow" - slightly fresh fruit.
A huge contribution to the increase in fruits and the improvement of their taste characteristics was made by I.Michurin. He carried out work on crossing mountain ash with pear, medlar, apple tree, chokeberry and achieved remarkable results. Thus, a huge number of varieties appeared.
The variety was bred by crossing pollen from a red-apple tree and a pear. The result was a strong tree with dense foliage. The fruits are juicy, sweet and sour, up to 2 grams. The flesh is yellow, pinkish near the skin. Fruits are great for both processing and fresh consumption. Harvest in Russia is plentiful.
Hybrid of chokeberry and mountain ash. The berries are very dark and sweet, large. In our time, the variety is not common.
It turned out as a result of crossing a hawthorn of blood-red and ordinary mountain ash. Berries the size of a cherry, dark red. A great option for all types of processing. The maximum yield from a tree is 60 kg.
Mountain ash "Dessert" reaches a height of 2 meters. Fruits are pentahedral, bulbous. Harvest should be immediate, otherwise the berries will lose their presentation. Berries are great for making compote, slightly tart, sweetish-sour.
This is a hybrid of common mountain ash and alpine chokeberry. The tree is stunted, compact. Fruits are rich in vitamins, anthocyanins. Berries are best suited for processing.
The result of crossing pollen from pear and mountain ash of Moravian. The fruit is very high in vitamin C. Fruiting occurs annually, abundant.
Such mountain ash is somewhat reminiscent of ordinary mountain ash. The only difference is the raspberry-colored fruits, which become transparent as they ripen. The culture is good in that its berries are not tart and not bitter.
Features of planting and care
Since varietal mountain ash is self-infertile, it is better to plant several varieties in the garden. You can plant several varieties in the crown of one plant. Seedlings should be chosen two-year.
Mountain ash is planted in pits 50-100 cm deep. Before that, 130 grams of potassium salt, 10 kg of humus and about half a kilogram of superphosphate are added to them. If the soil is acidic, they will have to be lime. Landing is carried out in the spring or in the fall.
The earth around the tree must be loosened. At the same time, one should not climb too deep, otherwise basal growth will form, and the mountain ash will stop growing. If this still happened, the growth should be cut, then growth will resume.
Fertilizing favorably affects the tree, but you should not get carried away with potash and nitrogen fertilizing, otherwise the content of vitamin P will decrease in the fruits. Nitrogen fertilizing is carried out in the spring, and potash - in the fall.
In dry times, mountain ash needs watering. With a lack of moisture, ovaries do not form. Also, the plant must be pruned if you see that the branches have thickened.
Harvesting begins in late August. Hurry - the fruits of the tree quickly become worthless, moreover, birds can get ahead of you! To prevent this from happening, you can make a bird feeder with your own hands, installing it away from a graceful tree.
Cut berries most conveniently secateurs. Brush stems should be cleaned only before drying, which occurs in ovens, dryers, and ventilated rooms.
Important! When dried, the moisture content of the berries should be at least 18%.
Mountain ash is a decorative tree in itself, but different varieties are used in different ways.
- Intermediate mountain ash is a European species, characterized by orange-red fruits and whole leaves, lowered to the bottom. The tree is gas and drought resistant. Used to create malls and groups throughout Russia;
- mountain ash Aria differs in dry orange-red berries and leaves that resemble alder. The tree is perfectly molded. Landed in the city;
- mountain ash is common throughout almost the entire territory of Russia. It is decorative in any season - raspberry-red leaves, flowers and fruits delight throughout the year. It is actively used in any landings - from lanes to tapeworms;
- Alder mountain ash is perfect for decorative landscaping. The shape of the crown is pyramidal. The tree is resistant to cold and shade tolerance;
- Kene. The shrub looks especially good in the fall. The leaves are crimson, the fruits are white. The plant needs good lighting. A great option for single plantings and in combination with other shrubs with red and yellow fruits;
- Elderberry mountain ash resembles elderberry, hence its name. The tree is unpretentious. It grows medium in size. Looks great in amateur gardens and is suitable for landscaping the city.
Mountain ash feel great in plantings with firs, firs and pines, as well as deciduous trees. They look great against a background of white willow, linden and ash. A combination with a wrinkled rose, maples, barberries, and honeysuckle will be successful. As a hedge, mountain ash can become a backdrop for herbaceous perennials. By planting a mountain ash next to the decorative willow of the Ural breeding, you can give the garden an unusual look.
Mountain ash ordinary (video)
Mountain ash is an ornamental plant that is actively used throughout Russia. There are many varieties of wood, which makes it possible to skillfully combine them with deciduous, coniferous trees and herbaceous perennials. Rowan will not refuse feeding, but in moderation. The earth around the plant is subject to cultivation; during dry weather, watering is required.