Moss in the garden does not appear too often, but if such vegetation appears on the ground, then you need to deal with it competently, using the most effective means to remove mosses in the shortest possible time.
The reasons for the appearance of moss in the garden
Of course, if the soil in the garden is covered with moss, it is important to understand what contributes to the emergence of vegetation and how to get rid of this scourge on your own. The following factors often provoke the appearance of moss on the ground:
- constant shading on the beds;
- excess moisture in the soil;
- excess or insufficient amount of fertilizer in the ground;
- increased soil acidity;
- grass cut too low.
So that the fight against harmful vegetation in the country is as correct and easy as possible, it is necessary to determine predisposing factors:
- a mossy plant growing on dry or excessively acidic soil has straight and fairly long processes, green on top and a brownish tint at the base;
- moss grows on well moistened and prone to waterlogging soils, the aerial part of which always spread along the surface;
- on mowed grass that is too low, mossy plants spread with a continuous green rug.
Sometimes mosses appear on the pavement, which greatly spoils the appearance of the coating of garden paths, which is why you need to take into account the characteristics of the plant during the struggle.
Mosses belong to the category of plants that are very undemanding to the growing conditions. They are not damaged by insects, bacteria and fungal infections, and are also easily able to tolerate prolonged drying of the soil. The plant-parasite propagates not only by spores, but also by the vegetative method, therefore, elimination must be carried out correctly.
Mossy cover can destroy grass and cultivated plants in a very short period of time. Rapidly growing, mosses begin to inhibit the growth processes of the grass, which is due to the cessation of air access to the root system of cultural plantings. Among other things, the culture begins to develop poorly due to the absorption of nutrients and moisture from the soil by the parasite plant. As a result, the lawn grass dies, and the mosses are spreading more and more around the site.
How to get rid of moss on the lawn
Effective Moss Removal Techniques
Removing the parasitic culture from the infield is not too difficult. It is enough to pay attention to the problem in a timely manner and use the most effective means. Currently, several methods of control are practiced, which are divided into physical and chemical methods of exposure.
On the garden beds
On the garden ridges, mhipal appear only in the presence of significant shading and waterlogging of the soil, so the ridges should not be located in lowlands, as well as in close proximity to natural or artificial reservoirs or a river. If possible, then you need to make sewer grooves to remove excess water or to equip a high-quality drainage system. If necessary, shading is also reduced by trimming the lower branches of the garden.
A good result is the use of wood chips and bark, needles or chopped straw as mulch on ridges of open ground. In addition, it must be remembered that mosses most often appear on uneven surfaces, so the ridges should be fairly even, with good drainage.
In the greenhouse
If acidic soil is present on the greenhouse ridges, mosses are very difficult and long to be removed, therefore high-quality liming of the soil by means of autumn application of dolomite flour is recommended. You can also make recesses in areas of the main accumulation of the parasite plant, followed by backfilling of coarse river sand, which reduces the level of humidity.
It is very important to use high and well-drained ridges for greenhouse cultivation, as well as to carry out systematic measures for soil aeration.
On the roof of a country house
When moss appears on the roofs of garden buildings, it is recommended to use granular chemical, liquid or powder herbicide preparations. Herbicides based on glyphosate or sulfate of iron, copper and ammonium are one of the most effective and popular agents.
The compositions are diluted at the rate of 45 ml per bucket of water. This amount is enough to process an area of 150 square meters.
How to get rid of moss on trees
On the pavement and paths
The main development of moss is observed in autumn and spring, when the plant activates growth processes. It is during this period that it is best to use chemical means of destruction. Processing garden paths should be carried out in the morning, in sunny weather, through a solution based on dichlorophene.
Dead blackened plants can be collected with a rake and burned. Against mossy plants on a tiled surface, the Roundup, Lintur and ETISSO treatments are especially effective. Such herbicidal products do a great job with mosses and lichens.
To protect your infield from parasite damage by plants, you need to do the following:
- leveling the surface of the plot by soil or mulching, which will prevent moisture accumulation;
- sowing on the liberated areas of bluegrass, polevole or fescue;
- fertilizing grass with nitrogen-containing fertilizers with a sufficient content of iron sulfate;
- clearing the territory of the personal plot from plants shading large areas of soil and small architectural forms;
- manual aeration of the site with a pitchfork and rake. Or a mechanized aeration method before or after the growing season.
It is also very important to monitor irrigation measures and prevent excessive watering of the soil, as well as create a high-quality drainage system.
The use of moss in landscape design
Mosses are the most unpretentious, completely non-allergenic, almost completely no need for fertilizer decorative plants, which are completely invulnerable to most plant parasites and pathogenic microflora. Such a decorative culture perfectly withstands even significant temperature differences, therefore it is widely used in the creation of home gardening.
Mosses look very impressive in landscape design when decorating various stone buildings and small architectural forms. Natural and artificial ponds in the country acquire a very attractive appearance if mossy patches of soil or stones are placed around them. Textured stone compositions are perfectly combined with highly decorative garden fillings.
Garden pest: moss
Decorative culture is very convenient to fill the space between the tiles of garden paths and paths. To make mosses look as aesthetically pleasing as possible, landscape designers recommend placing them naturally, placing them on no more than half the surface of the decorated object. Especially popular is the use of mosses in creating designs in oriental style.