Pineapple is a tropical herbaceous plant originating from South America. The name "pineapple" is determined by the fertility of the edible pineapple Ananas comosus, grown in Brazil since pre-Columbian times. Tasty and juicy fruits are eaten raw. Many canned foods are also made from pineapples, such as jams, juices, and canned foods. In Europe, pineapples began to be grown in greenhouses in the eighteenth century. Everyone can also do this and grow a spectacular plant at home.
Successful cultivation of pineapple will give a lot of joy and will allow you to enjoy the beauty of an exotic plant. Let's figure out how to plant a pineapple in a pot and how it grows at home.
How to plant pineapple - pineapple in a pot
Pineapple itself, pineapple is a perennial plant that often decorates our homes like an original potted flower. Plants are decorated with long, hard leaves, covered with sharp teeth, with a white coating on the back. In nature, after two years of growth, a pineapple flower appears, growing on a long shoot. At home, pineapple blooms extremely rarely.
Many ask themselves how pineapple grows. Some people think that pineapple is a tree on which fruits appear. It is not right. Characteristic processes grow from a strong stalk, growing up to 120 cm in height. The plant gives fruit only once in a lifetime, receiving impressive fruits weighing 1-5 kg. Then the plants are eliminated, and their reproduction is carried out by the feathers of the tops of the fruits. Therefore, if someone is afraid to grow a pineapple tree at home, he can be calm. Pineapple in a pot is an impressive plant, which, of course, will not cause problems with its size, because it grows to about 50 cm in height.
Growing pineapple at home is not difficult - you just need to buy fresh fruits with a green crown and start planting the plant in a pot. Here are the most important rules for planting pineapple from the resulting seedlings:
- When buying pineapples, pay attention to the green crown located above the fruit. It should be fresh, and its center should contain medium leaves, which are often removed before transporting the fruit. Without a full crown, the growth and reproduction of fruit will not occur.
- Leaves must be hard. If they look lethargic and easily removed, this is a sign of rotting, and they are not suitable for rooting.
- The next step is to cut the crown. This should be done with a sharp knife.
Pineapple Planting - Position and Soil
How to plant pineapple to easily get a decorative exotic plant? Before planting a pineapple, try chopping the flesh so that nothing stays on the stem. Placing seedlings with pulp in the ground will rot the stem. Before planting, it is recommended to soak the seedlings in water for several hours to get sufficient moisture. Next, we fill the fertile and well-drained soil in a pot with a drainage layer. Pineapples prefer acidic soil from 4.5 to 5.5. Plant the plant in a pit and cover it with soil so that only leaves are above its surface. Water abundantly.
Perennial planted in the summer, can be planted in the garden, in a slightly shaded place.
Planted in autumn and winter, pineapple needs a clear position, in which it can be adequately lit. In a year, the leaves will have a long length, creating an attractive shape that can reach about 1 meter in diameter.
In spring, you need to transplant the plant into a larger pot.
Pineapple care after planting
Pineapples should be watered in a special way, pouring soft water directly into the center of the plant, from where it flows to the roots. This method of obtaining water allows exotic plants in nature to sufficiently irrigate the roots. At home, decorative pineapple rarely produces inflorescences.
Nevertheless, you can try to stimulate the plant to bloom:
- we cover the plant with foil, under which we place apples, divided into particles,
- under the influence of ethylene, which is a phytohormone that appears from apples, pineapple flower and fruits appear.
Pineapple fruits grown in a pot are not as tasty as in tropical areas. However, the original fruit is a wonderful decoration of gardens and apartments.
Sometimes plants cannot take root. This happens when pineapples were purchased with a damaged, rotting crown that is not visible at first glance. If the core of the crown begins to deteriorate, healthy seedlings will not work. You can check the status of the crown by pulling one sheet from the center. If there are no visible signs of damage, in the form of brown spots, you can start planting the plant.