A mini-garden grown on a windowsill grown by oneself looks very nice. If you haven’t grown anything before, try growing basil. This spicy plant has been eaten for centuries.
Basil can be attributed to unpretentious plants. It grows in both winter and summer. And it smells really good.
In the article we give general recommendations for the cultivation of this plant.
What is the best way to grow basil?
The fastest way you get a crop from a transplanted young shoot from the garden. But, such a plant will not please you for a long time with its harvest. Can be grown from cuttings. You will receive leaves for consumption in a month, but in this way the grown plant is also not long-lived.
It is best to grow basil from seeds. Yes, it's longer. But, and for 10 months you will be able to harvest in the form of leaves.
Basil has several dozen varieties. For growing this plant on a windowsill, undersized, up to 40-45 centimeters, are best suited. They will look in pots more compact and more beautiful.
Here are a few well-known and well-grown varieties of basil.
- Variety Baskuro. He does not like transplantation. Undersized, dark green leaves gather in a fluffy hat.
- Variety Basilisk. It gives a very good harvest. Many leaves are growing, their color is green and they give off an amazing smell.
- Variety Marquis. The bush grows no more than 25 centimeters. The smell is pepper and clove. Green leaves are very small, collected in small sockets. And like a flower on the windowsill it looks great.
- Variety Troll. Can grow up to 50 centimeters. The leaves are purple and the tips are green. The plant is resistant to temperature changes. And this grade is advised to beginners for growing.
- Variety Minette. From a series of dwarf varieties of basil. The appearance of the plant is bewitching. And small openwork leaves will delight you with delicate greenery for 9 months.
Preparing the soil for planting basil
Basil loves: good heat (from 20 degrees), a lot of light, high-quality watering and a deep pot.
He does not like basil: stagnation of water in a pot, shade, drafts and sudden changes in temperature.
Important: if you need to ventilate the room, cover the greens with a plastic bag or transfer to another place.
Now in the store you can buy ready-made soil for planting vegetables. You can dilute it in a ratio of 1: 1 with garden soil. Soil needs to be processed before planting seeds. Usually it is placed in the oven for half an hour at a temperature of 150 degrees.
You can make the soil yourself. There are many options. The most common: two parts of the earth and one part of a two-year humus. Or: one part of coconut substrate, one part of garden soil and part of humus.
For the emergence of quick and friendly seedlings, you need to soak the seeds for a day in warm water. Water must be changed at least three times. After this, the seeds need to be held for an hour and a half in a solution of manganese. To make the solution light pink. It is convenient to catch the seeds with a toothpick or use a small strainer.
We plant and care properly
The root of this plant is voluminous and therefore you need to choose a deep pot. Or pick up a deep container. Many use special landing boxes. Landings in a glass container look original.
We make a drainage layer: put pebbles or expanded clay, 2-3 cm thick, on the bottom of the pot. Pour the soil, but not to the brim. Leveling, slightly compacting the ground. And you need to water the soil abundantly.
Seeds must be spread out approximately 2 centimeters apart. We fall asleep with soil, a layer of 1 centimeter. And cover the pot or box with film. To quickly bite the seeds you need a greenhouse effect. Periodically, it is necessary to ventilate by lifting the film.
The first sprouts will appear already on the 7-10th day. You do not need to water them at this time, you can only spray. After emergence shoots remove a film. If a lot of seeds have sprouted, do thinning. Let there be a distance of 10 centimeters between the plants.
As the shoots grow, you need to sprinkle the earth. So a more powerful root will be formed due to the lateral roots.
Care consists in loosening the soil around the plant, controlling temperature and light, timely watering.
We collect the basil correctly
If you want a bushy bush with lots of leaves, take the time to tweak it often. The first harvest from basil should be collected when there are 5-6 true leaves on the plant. We pluck 2 leaves from the top.
In the future, as the bush grows, you need to pinch the top. Cut the stem above the leaves that grow from the sinuses.
To pick a few leaves, choose the old side. But, so that the basil does not grow strongly in height, at the bottom it should have at least 4 leaves.
If you notice a bud starting to bloom, cut it off. Otherwise, the green will begin to deteriorate.
Have a good harvest!