Roses must be prepared in advance for winter. Around the middle of summer, gradually reduce fertilizing with fertilizers so that the roses cease to build up green mass. Then, in September, reduce watering and loosening the soil. Due to this, roses will stop growing shoots and smoothly prepare for the dormant period.
We take into account the features of various types of roses.
- Climbing roses are very afraid of frost - they must be especially protected from low temperatures and carefully covered for the winter.
- Floribunda roses are highly resistant to low temperatures. These roses must be covered with caution, avoiding overheating and warming.
- Miniature varieties of roses, like floribunda, are relatively resistant to frost. Shelter of these roses should also not lead to overheating.
- The most frost-resistant are park roses. They can do without shelter at all.
- It is necessary to carry out work in dry weather.
- Make sure that cover materials do not touch the shoots.
- Shelter should not fit too tightly; airspace should remain inside.
The first stage - preliminary shelter
It should be remembered that the first, mild frosts do not harm roses, but harden plants. Therefore, do not rush to cover roses. Too early shelter can ruin the plants, as in this case, the roses can sing.
Before you cover the roses, you should trim them and remove all the leaves and flowers. Then, it is necessary to clear the land around the bush from various debris and weeds. After this, pour bush with a solution of iron or copper sulfate. Sprinkle the trunks with earth.
The most suitable time for these manipulations is October.
Put special greenhouse arcs and cover them with film. Make a kind of awning. So the earth will remain dry, which will reduce the risk of various diseases. Do not forget to leave the “walls” open, the plant should be ventilated.
The second stage of shelter
Around the end of November, when the temperature drops below zero and the ground freezes, it’s time to cover the roses for the winter. To do this, you need to remove the awning from the film and sprinkle roses with deciduous and coniferous branches. Cover the resulting pile with cardboard on top. Raise the arcs a little - this is necessary in order to create additional air space.
And, again, we cover the arcs with a film. Before the onset of frosty weather, the holes in the shelter should be maintained, due to which ventilation will be carried out. A layer of snow will cover these holes. If strong snowless colds come, you should close the holes yourself.
Shelter of climbing roses
Remember, climbing roses bloom on the shoots that were formed last year, so they can not be pruned.
Tie the roses in a bunch and gently press them to the ground, having previously removed from the support. Roses should not be applied directly to the ground; first spread the spruce branches. Pinned bush on top also covered with spruce branches and dry leaves. Further actions do not differ from sheltering other types of roses: install arcs, cover with a film.
Climbing roses are especially afraid of sub-zero temperatures, so make a thick, powerful shelter.
Use this information to provide the “Queen of Flowers” with a decent winter and then the roses will appreciate your efforts and thank you with lush flowering.