There are raspberry bushes in almost every garden and summer cottage, and if a wild relative of raspberries does not need human care, then the garden requires careful care. You will have to work hard, but there will be an opportunity to enjoy delicious and fragrant berries.
Varieties of raspberries
There are different varieties of raspberries and each has its own interesting features. Get to know some of them.
- English Tall variety with dark purple spikes and fairly large fruits. As a rule, it gives high productivity.
- Cornish Victoria. It has a medium-sized bush, hard spikes and straight, upward-running shoots. The berries are light yellow. Pretty winter hardy.
- Cumberland. A medium-sized bush with a dark purple color of the fruit. Winter hardy grade.
- Marlborough This is the most winter-hardy raspberry variety, which gives the greatest amount of yield. It has large berries, small, soft spikes and reddish shoots.
- Arbat. A variety with a powerful and sprawling bush, differs from others in high productivity and the largest berries among all varieties. Resistant to diseases of its kind, winter hardiness is average.
The ideal time for planting raspberries is spring, closer to May, when the temperature reaches +15 degrees. If planted in the fall, the bush will not have time to get stronger before winter and will die during the first frosts. Raspberries love sunny places protected from the wind. Fertile land, slightly acidic or neutral soil is suitable for planting bushes. The earth should be fertilized with manure or humus. If there is no top dressing, then, unfortunately, the crop will be small or not ripen at all. Raspberries are planted either in separate bushes, planting each bush in separate holes, or by a tape method, in this case the bushes are planted in trenches, with a distance between seedlings of 40 cm.
In about ten years, the bush will deplete the soil underneath, and the raspberry tree will need to be replanted in another place. The period of restoration of soil fertility is five years.
In spring, remove excess root shoots and cut the shoots by 20 cm. The shoots must be cut annually. This procedure is carried out in spring or autumn at the end of the collection of ripe berries. Raspberries need to be watered four times a year - before flowering, ripening and after ripening berries and before frosts. So that the shoots of the raspberry tree do not break under the weight of their own berries, they are often tied in two ways. The first method, the most popular among summer residents, is the fan one, with this method, part of the shoots of one bush and part of the shoots of its neighbor are tied to sticks dug into the ground between the bushes at different heights, thus forming a design that remotely resembles a fan.
When planting by the tape method, the second method is used - trellis garter, in this case the wire is tied to poles in several rows, and the shoots themselves are already attached to it. Organic fertilizers are applied to the soil once every three years, and mineral fertilizers once a year. For winter, a raspberry tree should be prepared.
Frost can damage the shoots of some varieties of raspberries, so before frost they are bent to the ground and tied to each other.
Raspberry is a persistent and unpretentious plant. With proper care, it will give a stable and rich harvest of berries every year.