Orchis is a unique plant that grows in the meadows and fields of Russia. A straight stem, spotty flowers and leaves - all these are the distinguishing features of the plant. Orchis is the same orchid, only northern. A hint of kinship with the majestic flowers is that one of the six petals is blue, and a spur is located at its base.
The spotted orchis has leaves resembling tulip leaves. Since variegated flowers are gathered in a spikelet, they are very attractive to insects. Spots are nothing more than a signal for pollinators that there is something to feast on. All nectar is in the spur. Seeds are collected in a box. Orchis tubers, like the root, are updated every year.
Use in medicine
The root consists of two tubers. The most valuable of them is juicy and young. A special powder is prepared from Salep tubers in a pharmacy.
Salep mucus is used to cure:
- hyperacid gastritis;
- food poisoning;
- peptic ulcer of the stomach;
- respiratory diseases of the nasopharynx.
For intoxication or poisoning with poisons, it is recommended to use spotted, male or helmet-bearing orchis.
Orchis tubers are externally used for boils. They are first pushed to a powder state. Then mixed with pork fat or steamed in milk. Tubers and Salep are also used to stimulate hair growth and as a treatment for toothache.
Among other things, the orchis is considered an excellent remedy for nervous exhaustion, sexual impotence, weakness, which arose due to debilitating long illnesses. The use of Salep is recommended for those who have suffered severe bleeding, suffer from intestinal catarrh, and suffer from tuberculosis. Also, the plant is able to cure female uterine diseases and catarrh of the bladder.
Ease of fit
Orchis helmet-bearing is very easy to plant and transplant. The plant will take root in your garden plot, even if you transfer it from the wild to your flower bed. The transplant is done in the fall or spring. It is recommended to plant the plant in the illuminated place.
Wild Orchid Care
The spotted orchis does not like waterlogged soils. During feeding, it is important to ensure that the plant does not get fresh manure. It is recommended to mulch the soil, the best option for this is needles.
If the orchis grows in a sunny area, it is worth watering. The rest of the plant is unpretentious, does not require special care, is not susceptible to pests and diseases. He loves the semi-wild parts of the garden.
Propagated by division of the root, seeds, sometimes self-sowing. He doesn’t like weeds. Carries winter without shelter.
Variety of species
At the moment, there are many species of orchis.
- Orchis helleiferous is an ornamental plant that blooms from May to June. In the inflorescence are flowers of bright purplish-brownish, violet or pink hues. The five-petalled perianth resembles a helmet.
- Caspian orchis is a low plant with linear lanceolate leaves. The flowers are dark purple, sparse. It grows in Dagestan, Transcaucasia and Iran.
- The flower-bearing orchis has a specific smell resembling forest bugs. The hue of the flowers is purplish brown. The plant is listed in the Red Book.
- Male orchis is a perennial herbaceous plant with twin tubers. On the back of the leaves there are dark purple or purple spots. The inflorescence is collected from flowers of purple or pale purple. It blooms from June to July. The plant is listed in the Red Book.
- Monkey orchis is a herbaceous perennial reaching a height of 45 cm. It blooms from April to May. During flowering, numerous white or pink flowers with small purple dots form. The plant is a rare species, listed in the Red Book.
We advise you to read the article on the gravel garden.
Orchis in nature
Use in landscape design
At the moment, several species of the presented plant are obtained by crossing. You can choose for your garden either the standard option - spotted orchis or the original species - purple or monkey orchis.
The planting site should be light or semi-shaded. But some species (for example, helmet-bearing orchis) are best placed in the shade. Best crop will grow on moist, loose soil. Swamp orchis requires very moist soil. Without exception, all plant species love the soil enriched with minerals.
Orchis is perfect for creating a semi-wild part of the garden. It can be a good decoration for rock gardens, but in this case, you should prefer those varieties that do not have high soil requirements. In a mixed flowerbed, it is better not to use the plant; dominant plants will hide it. But in monochrome gardens you can use orchis.
You can read an article about a monochrome garden.
Orchis is an interesting plant resembling an orchid. Planting it in the garden will not cause difficulties even for a novice gardener. The plant does not show special requirements for care. It is best to grow orchis in the semi-wild part of the garden. The plant is not susceptible to diseases and pests, it looks attractive and is widely used in medicine.