House and garden

Gypsophila: queen of calcareous soils


The name of the gypsophila plant translates as "loving lime." Indeed, the plant prefers limestones. There are many types of gypsophila: perennial and annual, semi-shrubs with open, bare erect or branched stems. Let's consider some of them.

Species diversity

  • Gypsophila paniculata lives in Central Asia, Europe, Mongolia, in Southern Siberia. The stems are branched, gather in a spherical bush. Plant height - 120 centimeters. The leaves are small, narrow. The color is grayish green. Gypsophila paniculata has small flowers of white or pinkish color. Flowering occurs in the second half of summer. Culture does not need frequent transplants. For a long time it can grow in one place. Prefers loamy loamy soil. He does not like to be located near groundwater.
  • Gypsophila creeping grows in Central Europe. The stems are bare, creep, forming dense bushes. The plant is a perennial, height - 20 cm. The flowers are pink or white. Leaves are green. It blooms in June and July. It may also bloom in the fall. It is unpretentious, but prefers loose soil and a sufficient amount of light. It freezes in winter, but is restored by self-seeding.
  • Pacific gypsophila grows in Primorye and Northeast China. The stems are strong, branched. The plant itself is a bush. The flowers are pale pink, large. The leaves are broad-lanceolate. Prefers loose soil. It blooms from August to September. Every 4 years the plant will have to be sown again. Do not plant it near groundwater. Wintering can be done without shelter.
  • Areciform gypsophila grows in Northern Iran. It is used in landscape design quite rarely. It grows slowly, white flowers, green leaves. Loves the light. It develops well on calcareous soil. Reproduction occurs due to cuttings and seeds.
  • Stem-like gypsophila grows in the Himalayas. The flowers are white or lilac with pink veins. Stalks are creeping. The plant blooms from May to June. Flowering begins only a couple of years after planting. The presented type of gypsophila prefers soil with a high content of lime.
  • Gypsophila tender grows in Siberia and Altai. In height, it reaches 12 cm. The leaves are collected in a socket. The flowers are white or pink. Flowering occurs from June to July. During the growing season there is a need for regular watering. The soil should consist of gravel and humus. Reproduction occurs in the spring, by seed. In June, can be propagated by cuttings.
  • Kachim Patrana lives in Central Asia, Siberia, Europe, Mongolia. The plant is completely "bare". The stems are straight and branched, the root is curved, thick. Inflorescences are corymbose-paniculate. The flowers have long legs. Petals have a bright pink color. Seeds reach 1.5 millimeters, sharp-tuberous.

recommends that you read the article "Rules for creating a rock garden at the cottage."

Landing and care

Gypsophila is planted in waterproof soil in early spring. In this case, it does not matter perennial varieties you are going to grow or annuals.

Care is as follows:

  • in the summer support is established. They are needed to support plants before flowering;
  • pruning is done after flowering. It stimulates the emergence of new shoots;
  • mulching occurs in the fall;
  • for the winter, the gypsophila is usually covered with bark.

Gypsophila feels good in lighted areas. The soil should be loamy or sandy loam, well-drained, nutritious, with lime content.

Gypsophila Beauty (video0

Propagation Features

For reproduction seeds will be needed. It is necessary to sow them from the second half of spring. In autumn, seedlings are placed in a permanent place. There should be 2-3 plants per square meter. Gypsophila perennial can live without a transplant for up to 25 years.

If terry forms, their reproduction occurs by cuttings or inoculation. Rooting is low, so careful care will be required.

Pay attention to watering. Cuttings do not tolerate an abundance of moisture.

Inoculation of terry forms is spread on the roots of non-terrestrial plants in the spring.

Use in landscape design

Gypsophila is used in single and group plantings together with other plants, as well as in mixborders.

Neighbors can be:

  • godetia;
  • marigold;
  • eschscholzia.

Gypsophila paniculate and graceful are used in discounts and borders. Among other things, panicled gypsophila can be planted alone. The white plant looks great together with bright large roses. Creeping gypsophila is often planted in a rockery or on an alpine hill. Annual gypsophila can be combined with a lavater.