Hellebore is a plant of amazing beauty. It gained popularity back in the Middle Ages. It was believed that the plant protects against witchcraft and evil spirits, so it has long been planted at the very entrance to the house. Nowadays, hellebore is appreciated for other qualities.
Species and varieties
There are about 15 species of hellebore. The most famous of them:
Hybrid hellebore is precast. It includes varieties obtained by crossing different species. Height - 70 cm, flowers - various.
The Caucasian hellebore reaches a height of 40 cm. The peduncle has 1-3 flowers, a diameter of up to 8 cm. The hue of the flowers is greenish-white with brown or yellow-green. Flowering - in early spring or winter.
- the black
Black hellebore has a height of 50 cm. Flowers drooping white, cream-white, whitish-green, diameter - 6 cm. There are varieties with dark red or pinkish flowers.
How to plant a plant
Before you start planting, it is worth taking into account the fact that the plant is poorly related to frequent transplants. Nevertheless, proper planting will provide excellent growth for hellebore for a full 10 years.
There are no special requirements for soil. The best option is a place among trees and shrubs, in partial shade.
If you plant a hellebore under an apple tree, the crown of the plant will act as a natural mulch, which increases soil fertility several times.
- So, the grown plants are planted in pits 25x25x25 cm.
- The distance between the pits should be at least 30 cm.
- Half the recess is filled with compost.
- During planting with one hand we take a hellebore, we put it in a hole. With the second hand, fill the recess with earth, ram, then water.
Planting a plant is better in groups. The hellebore looks advantageous against a winter garden or around trees.
The best option is seed propagation, as adult plants do not tolerate transplanting and dividing bushes. As a rule, seeds ripen in mid-summer.
They are sown in spring or autumn directly into the soil to a depth of 1 cm. Seedlings can be expected in a year. Seedlings are planted in a permanent place of "residence" after 4 years. The plant blooms for 5 years of life.
If the goal is to preserve the variety, you should prefer such a method of propagation as dividing the bush. This option should be used for black hellebore, which gives few seeds. The division of the bushes occurs in spring or autumn. After planting, the delenki must be abundantly watered.
After flowering plants, it is recommended to mulch the soil. Peat or compost is used for this purpose.
Important! Hellebore does not tolerate stagnation of water and drying out of the soil. Despite the fact that hellebore is considered frost-resistant, it is recommended to cover some of its species - Eastern or Caucasian - with dry leaves or peat for the winter.
- Many species are good for applying lime to the soil. If the weather is dry, there is a need for plentiful watering.
- Moroznik is very fond of fertilizers and always thanks his hosts for abundant flowering. Fertilize the plant every 3 months, for this you can use bone meal.
- After the plant has bloomed, compost is mulched around it. This is necessary so that moisture is retained in the soil.
- Hellebore is grown in gardens. Plants are very decorative and valued for evergreen foliage, as well as for resistance to cold temperatures. Flowering early.
- Favorite in the garden can be called a variety of "Christmas Rose". White flowers open right in the middle of winter.
- However, H. Orientalis and hybrids are considered a popular species. They look great in a mixborder, under trees and among bushes. Blossom in March.
Beautiful flower - hellebore
Properties of hellebore to treat are recognized by many phytotherapists and traditional healers. So Caucasian hellebore:
- cleanses the body of radionuclides, toxins or toxins;
- treats urological diseases;
- fatty root oils can inhibit the growth of cancer cells;
- has a laxative and diuretic effect;
- used after concussion and headaches;
- treats respiratory diseases;
- has an effect on the nervous system, increase confidence, give peace of mind, increase efficiency;
- due to the content of cardiac glycosides used for the manufacture of the drug corelborine, which is necessary for use in heart failure;
- normalizes metabolism;
- suitable for the treatment and prevention of diabetes.
Hellebore should not be used for lactation and pregnancy. Overdose is unacceptable!
In the first six months of treatment, the body is cleansed. It is worth the wait and hellebore will lose its laxative effect, while it will cleanse and renew the blood. It happens that taking a plant contributes to an exacerbation of any disease, in order to subsequently eliminate them.
So, hellebore is a unique beauty plant, which in addition to excellent decorative characteristics has healing properties. Once a hellebore has lost its popularity, but now it can again be called the favorite of gardeners.