It would seem that conifers feel great, growing in the middle zone of Russia, and no winters are not afraid of them. Indeed, many of the conifers are unpretentious, but even local pines and spruce can not stand all the vagaries of winter, not to mention the exotic species of plants. Therefore, you need to worry about how to help your plants survive the frosty time well and maintain their beauty. Each species of coniferous plants needs an individual approach, but there are some common points. So, let’s open a couple of secrets on how to prepare conifers for winter.
Moisture charging irrigation
Preparation of conifers for winter begins in the fall, when deciduous trees take off their crown. At this time, it is necessary to shed well the root of the plants, about 5-8 buckets each. Such watering is especially desirable for plantings made in this and last seasons, varietal specimens and exotics - in any year of life.
What is it for? The needles in these plants from frost sleep wake up earlier than others. And it often happens that the roots at this time are not yet able to “get” enough moisture due to frozen soil. As a result, the needles are burned.
If the soil was well and timely moistened, it will freeze less and the risk of spring damage will be minimal.
Strengthening new landings
Coniferous trees collect a large amount of snow on their branches. And if winter also pleases us with heavy snowfall, then sticky snow mass can form on them. This weight is sometimes too heavy, especially for seedlings that have not had time to take root. Therefore, in order to avoid their fall and prevent clipping of the roots, it is better to fix the plants with stretch marks. This material is useful for owners of blue spruce.
Cypress trees, columnar junipers, some varieties of arborvitae and Canadian spruce need to be protected from sunburn. To do this, shelter conifers for the winter with special material.
For this purpose, well suited:
- pritenochny grid;
- woven propylene panels.
It is not recommended to use lutrasil and other covering materials, as they accumulate solar heat.
Having chosen the appropriate material, it must be applied to the plant and tied with twine, without tightening the branches. No need to “brick up” the crown all the way to the last branch. If the “windows” remain, it’s even good, because there will be access to fresh air. If the plant is very large, just shade its south side. For fans of dwarf conifers, this article will be useful.
We prepare conifers for winter
Binding of the crown is necessary for those plants that are resistant to wind and are not afraid of the spring sun. It is not necessary to tie their branches tight so that they do not bend or break under the weight of snow or ice rain.
What to do, if…
- have a lot of sticky snow?
“ListParagraphCxSpMiddle”> Snow can be knocked down from plants using a board or pole pre-wrapped with a soft cloth. It is not necessary to shake the trees and beat them with all their might, it is easy enough to tap with small dots. So you will not damage either the bark or the branch.
- did it rain ice?
“ListParagraphCxSpLast”> In this case, try to give the branches an initial position with screeds and supports. No need to try to melt the ice with a hairdryer, warm water.
“ListParagraphCxSpLast”> Along with artificial heat, kidneys may wake up prematurely. When sunny weather comes, the ice will melt on its own, you just need to maintain the plants until this period.
The well-being of the plants, their health, and their appearance throughout the year depend on how thoroughly the preparation of conifers for winter passes. Small labor and material costs can prevent the occurrence of diseases, as well as the death of rare and valuable specimens. It is much easier to prevent diseases and other damage to trees and shrubs during cold days, than after treating them and restoring lost decorative properties. We recommend that you learn how to protect and cure trees from sunburn.