All homeowner owners know how difficult and at times it seems like endless weed control. These, as they said in one children's cartoon, "uncultured" plants greatly interfere with the cultivation of bushes, flowers, and vegetable crops. But are all weeds and are they always so useless and even harmful? What if you look at their amazing properties better. Maybe there are options for their more effective and useful use?
Currently, the question of the benefits and harms of weeds has been substantially revised.
And now many people know that weeds can make a significant contribution, as sources of useful and medicinal substances used in medicine, cosmetology and cooking.
Useful weeds and their properties
In fact, many plants found in almost every area and considered weeds have amazing beneficial properties. Here are some of them:
It serves as an indicator of black, humus-rich soils, because it grows on them.
Stinging nettle has an amazing effect on other plants growing nearby: it increases their resistance, changes the chemical processes in them, stimulates the formation of humus. If nettle appeared on your site, this indicates the presence of cultivated and rich organic matter of the earth. Also in herbs growing in rows with nettles, the content of essential oil increases. It repels potato bugs, which contributes to a more healthy growth of this plant. Nettle also has beneficial effects on people. Preparations based on this plant increase lactation, improve the working capacity of the heart, stomach, liver, kidneys, and reduce the amount of sugar in the blood.
In general, this plant creates a very favorable atmosphere for the growth of cultivated plants. It helps to get rid of insect pests, some diseases. Its leaves contain volatile, which fight pathogenic bacteria.
Yarrow can be used to improve plants by making a decoction of it. To do this, scald 800 g of grass with 2 liters of boiling water and infuse the mixture for an hour.
Then add another 8 liters of water and spray the necessary plants with infusion. Yarrow leaves are used in the preparation of salads, as a seasoning for second courses.
- pharmaceutical camomile
Usually it grows on compacted soils and contributes to their structuring, protects against harmful effects, heals the earth, slightly stimulates the growth of crops, improves the taste properties of onions and cabbage, and also contributes to their intensive development. Medicinal chamomile has a lot of medicinal properties and is used in many drugs. An infusion of this herb has anti-inflammatory, analgesic, bactericidal effects and has a beneficial effect on increasing human immunity.
- Comfrey (cucumber grass, larkspur, fat root)
Fertilizer made from this weed has a good effect on crops that need a lot of potassium and a little nitrogen. These include beans, tomatoes and cucumbers. The leaves and stems of this plant improve the heart activity of people, soothe, anesthetize, and have a diuretic effect. Cucumber grass can be perfectly used in salads, especially in combination with slices of boiled meat, green peas, herbs and sour cream in the form of dressing.
This plant is not only a material for making wreaths and making wishes, but an ubiquitous weed that can be used with benefit. This plant produces ethylene gas, which affects the acceleration of fruit ripening in apple trees and vegetables. Useful for people from the top to the roots. The pollen of the plant contains a large amount of manganese, boron and other trace elements. Therefore, often from the flower buds of the plant prepare jam. Young leaflets containing vitamin C can be added to salads, green and salt soups, vinaigrettes, and even minced meat.
After grinding the dandelion roots after grinding, a coffee substitute is prepared.
It influences neighboring plants very oppressively, but a decoction from it is an excellent tool for combating caterpillars.
- Sow thistle and thistle
They contain a useful substance in the roots - inulin, which is used in the treatment of diabetes. The leaves of this plant give a special taste to dishes, helping to increase appetite.
A real disaster for many gardeners and gardeners. It spreads very easily around the site, and getting rid of this creeping and possessing a very strong and branched root system of the weed is very difficult to get rid of. But his mother nature did not ignore him, endowing with unique properties. So, in wheatgrass you can use rhizomes and foliage. They are dried and used for baking flour products and cooking jelly. Fresh, it can be used to make side dishes, salads and soups.
And wheatgrass helps to get rid of cough, diseases of the bladder, bleeding, helps to improve metabolism.
The leaves of this plant have a lot of useful substances: vitamin K, citric acid, carotene. In fresh form, this plant has a laxative effect, affects a person as a painkiller, wound healing and bactericidal agent. And who in childhood, having broken his knee, did not apply this miracle leaf to the wound? And plantain can be used in side dishes, salads, meat and fish dishes, it can be added to potato patties, minced meat, soups and cabbage soup. Plantain juice can be used in the preparation of cold drinks.
Above, only a small part of the beneficial properties of weeds, which are most often found in our areas, were considered. As you can see, even these plants can be used for the good of the cause.
In addition to preparing decoctions, food, medicines from healthy weeds, they can also be used to help plants grown on your site. It will not be superfluous to read this article about weeds.
For many years, experienced gardeners and gardeners use a method such as mulching to increase the yield of a plot. However, many people at the same time forget that for the preparation of mulch you can use easily accessible material: chamomile, quinoa, shepherd’s bag and other weeds. Often, these plants are simply thrown away, and in vain, since they can bring considerable benefits.
To mulch the weeds of trees and bushes, it is necessary to spread them in a layer of 10 - 15 cm under them, and this will have an amazing effect. Some worry, but can dug grass re-take root in the ground? Not if you previously brushed the soil from the weeds torn out. Such a simple procedure will avoid the establishment of all weeds, except for the creeping wheatgrass. The same weed is better, without shaking off the soil, to collect in a small pile about a meter in height. Within six months, the plant will turn into a beautiful, loose mass of useful properties, loose humus.
Absolutely calmly, you can mulch the soil with mowed grass, for example, dandelion or milkweed. Do you know why you need to dig a plot in the fall?
The results of using weed mulching exceed all expectations.
For example, if the apple tree is mulched only with such material, then it receives twice as much phosphorus, potassium and nitrogen than without this procedure. A year or two in the soil after mulching by weeds, a greater number of earthworms are noted. After rain or watering, hard crust does not form on the mulch soil, which is harmful to plants. This procedure is also effective against the formation of sandy soils.
Health and Beauty Weed (video)
Weed compost is also an ideal way to use the beneficial properties of weeds. Instead of throwing weed, you can make a mixture from it that helps increase the yield on your site.
How to do it? Everything is very simple!
- Place all the mowed grass, as well as the weeds collected on the site, in the place for compost preparation and a little crush.
- Then nature takes up the matter: the sun, water and air. Under their influence, the upper layer of the formed green mass withers and dries. When this happens, it is necessary to add another layer of fresh mass, under which the greenhouse effect is immediately created, and microelements that turn dry grass into a wonderful humus do their job.
- An increase in temperature in the lower layers ensures that the upper layer is also dried, even if the weather is cool.
- As a result of all these processes, in a year or two you will get wonderful material - organic compost, which can be used to fertilize your site.
Useful properties of weeds are not only in their direct composition, but also in the skillful and practical use of weeds for themselves and their plot.