The origin of the name of this plant is associated with ancient Greek mythology - that was the name of one of the water nymphs. The Slavs nicknamed this flower the same grass, or "mermaid". According to their beliefs, a water lily flower protected during travels from misfortunes and troubles. To protect it, they put it in an amulet or incense.
This genus includes more than 35 species of plants that grow in tropical and temperate regions - from Canada to the equator. In Russia, the most common species is snow-white water lily, in which a very powerful rhizome about 5 cm thick is formed at the bottom of the reservoir.
Cord-shaped and long roots go down from the rhizome, and to the top to the surface are rounded, wide leaves with cuts at the base on the petioles, as well as peduncles. The beginning of flowering water lilies occurs in May and lasts until the onset of the first frost. The peak is expected in July-August. Flowers water lilies snow-white with a delicate aroma. Outside the flowers there are 4 green sepals, inside there are white petals that go to the stamen in the center. Such a flower lasts for four days. After the water lily fades, the peduncle twists and hides under the water.
The fruit of a lily is presented in the form of a box, which develops under water. When it ripens, it opens and spills out seeds that look like fish eggs. For some time, the seeds float, and then, freed from mucus, sink to its bottom and germinate. You can learn how to create a miniature pond in the country with your own hands.
One of the features of the water lily is that in the morning the bud appears on the surface of the reservoir and opens, and with the onset of twilight it closes and again sinks to the bottom.
In decorative ponds, a hybrid water lily is most often grown. For small and medium-sized ponds suitable pink nymphaea. They are the most hardy and do not grow very much.
Location of Water Lilies
A sunny location is best for nymphs. If the pond is in complete shade, then the plant will not bloom. Planting a lily should be one in 0.5-4 square meters. m. Otherwise, there will be a feeling of neglect. It should also be noted that lilies love stagnant water, and it is not recommended to arrange fountains next to them.
Planting and replanting lilies
It is best to purchase and plant water lilies in early May and before the end of June. Plants can be planted immediately in the ground, but it is better to initially plant it in a plastic container with a volume of about 5 liters.
- For planting, it is good to use peat with a layer of 2-3 cm, placing it at the bottom of the vessel.
- Then use a mixture of compost, garden soil, sand in equal proportions. Having planted a water lily, do not deepen the bud of growth.
- After the soil is crushed, covered with pebbles, so that after the plant does not surface.
- Then the vessel is neatly placed in a pond. The appropriate depth depends on the plant variety. For dwarf ones, this is 15-20 cm, tall ones, 70-100 cm from the surface to the growth bud.
- In the spring, to accelerate the development of plants, it is better to place a container with a lily in shallow water, until the leaves have formed. After their growth, it is necessary to carry out a deeper placement. Plants that are planted early can take root and bloom in the first year.
Wintering a water lily
The most difficult thing to grow water lilies is to keep them for the winter. In each case, the approach is individual. A plant can be left in place for the winter if it is located at a depth of 0.5 meters or more. In this case, the pond should be large and not freeze. If this is not the case, it is better to remove the containers with water lilies and place them in a dark, cool place. You can read material about fish for the pond.
From sleep, water lilies depart in the spring, after warming the water. It is at this time that you need to return the plant to its place. If there is a little melt water in the pond, then it is worth adding tap water. After some time, the water may become dull green. Do not worry and change it, in a week everything will return to normal.
For frost-resistant species, spring frosts will no longer be scary.
How to propagate water lilies?
Water lilies most often reproduce using segments of rhizomes. Usually rhizomes are highly branched and have sleeping buds. To propagate the plant, you need a piece of root with a kidney. The slice is sprinkled with ash or crushed charcoal. The division process should not be stretched too much, since the leaves and roots do not like drying. The material about the aquaclumb for the reservoir will also be interesting.
How to plant a water lily
Beautiful water lily in the garden pond (20 photos)