Since ancient times, our ancestors highly valued the so-called roots and root crops of plants. Usually they contain many nutrients, including starch. Between autumn and spring, the starch content in tubers is highest, after which part of it can turn into sugar in spring. The thickness of some edible roots can reach a couple of centimeters, and in length - more than a meter. The tubers are shaped like bulbs. Most roots are edible and may even have healing properties, but there are those that have poison in their composition. Therefore, before using the product, you need to find out the exact information about it.
The following types of roots and root crops are considered the most popular and famous below.
Edible roots and root crops
- Potato, undoubtedly, is the most famous of all root crops, especially in our country. In general, potato is a tropical plant intended for a warm, humid climate. Most nutrients are found in its tubers.
- Sweet potato can be called a sweet analogue of potatoes, but in fact they are not relatives. Outwardly, this root resembles potatoes with a slightly sweetish aftertaste.
- Parsnip is wild - this plant is completely covered with hairs and thorns and has pretty yellow hard flowers. It is customary to use only the roots of parsnips, both boiled and raw.
- Earthen pear (also known as Jerusalem artichoke). The plant looks somewhat like a sunflower and reaches a height of 1 meter. Only the roots of this plant are valued in the world for their nutritional properties. So that the roots do not lose value, they do not need to be cleaned.
- American groundnut is a medium-sized plant with bright red flowers. It is distributed in the forests of North America. You can use only very small tubers in a fried or boiled form.
- Goose cinquefoil is a rather squat plant and grows mainly in moist places. The roots of the cinquefoil can be eaten raw, although it is recommended to cook them all the same.
In addition to the nutritional properties of root crops, there are also useful functions. You can read the material about growing turnips in the country.
In modern medicine, the use of roots, tubers, root crops in the manufacture of various decoctions, powders and mixtures is widespread.
- Oat root (or Plant oyster) - the roots of this plant have extremely nutritious and beneficial properties, as they contain about 8% of inulin, a substance so vital for the special diet of diabetics.
- Scorzonera (also known as black or sweet root) - a plant can acquire a very pleasant taste if it is cooked properly. But its popularity, perhaps, is still due to medicinal properties. First of all, the roots contain inulin, useful for patients with diabetes. In addition, the plant is able to cure heart disease, nervous and eye diseases. It is also recommended to give it to children to strengthen immunity.
- The medicinal roots of celery can often be seen in cooking TV shows, as this type of plant is very common in this area. In addition to the rich taste and smell, celery has a number of healing functions. So, fresh celery juice normalizes the digestive processes, has a beneficial effect on the liver and kidneys. It is also used to strengthen immunity.
Medicinal root crops
- Turnip - this root crop can be eaten both raw and cooked. You can stuff it or make vegetable sticks out of it. Turnip contains a large amount of minerals and vitamins, due to which stimulation of intestinal motility is realized. It is also widely used for colds of the lungs, as it has the ability to relieve inflammatory processes.
- Rutabaga is another indispensable root crop for various diseases. It has a laxative and diuretic effect, is able to restore the intestines, as well as strengthen bones. Moreover, rutabaga juice can be used in the treatment of cough, acting as an expectorant.
- Beetroot - although it is one of the most common root crops in our country, not everyone knows about its beneficial properties. While it strengthens the immune system and normalizes the work of the stomach.
You can learn how to grow edible chestnut.
Growing root crops in the country
Roots and root crops as food additives
In the East, the rhizomes of plants have long been famous for not only medicinal and edible properties, but also aromatic properties. You can read the material on the preparation and germination of potatoes before planting.
That is why ships from India have always come full of spices and seasonings.
- Ginger, or rather its root, has a bright, rich smell that can shade the tastes of sweets, drinks, meat dishes and even marinades. Almost the whole world uses it - the English for pudding, the Russians for kvass and sbiten, and the American nation, primarily for ginger ale.
- Turmeric is another plant whose rhizome is used as an additive to the main meal. In some countries, it is even used to dye fabrics in yellow shades, such as in India.
Thus, the plants known to us can conceal completely unexpected properties that can not only enrich the home kitchen, but also have a beneficial effect on certain diseases of our body. We recommend learning how to plant, grow and preserve pumpkin.