Any tree in the country is subject to a number of dangers, due to the impact of which it can get sick and even die. Therefore, you should conduct a systematic inspection of the garden and treat the plants in time, deviations in the development of which you found.
Trees in the garden get sick very often, and this is often connected both with our personal attitude to the garden and with the state of neighboring plantings. You can spray the garden, prune crowns from thickening, and prevent diseases, but if the trees are sick in the neighboring garden, the diseases can go into yours. This is an important reason that adjusts our actions, stimulating to pay even more attention to vegetation in the country!
Plants get sick everywhere, and, in fact, there is nothing unnatural about this. It is only necessary to carry out prophylaxis and treatment in time if the tree seems weakened. After all, every summer resident knows that diseases and serious infections pursue only a weakened garden!
Weak trees, to which the correct rules of agricultural technology do not apply, are susceptible to fungal, viral and bacterial diseases, and if you do not identify these problems and do not deal with them on time, it is in your garden that an outbreak of diseases is possible, the so-called focus, which you can not get rid of so simple. Damage to crowns, bark, trunks, cracks, hollows, wounds and frost bombs only bring additional troubles in the form of necrosis, rot and cancer, and therefore should be diagnosed in time to identify problems and pathogens that are to be fought.
What is the treatment process?
Treatment of trees is a laborious process that takes a lot of time from a summer resident. Therefore, many of us simply refuse such events, and then get a completely extinct garden or trees that do not bear fruit and look in the garden, frankly, weakly and painfully. Such should not be in the country, because they become carriers of diseases, due to which other vegetation on the site will disappear over time.
Such an attitude may soon lead to the garden becoming extinct, and nothing will grow on the earth for a long time to give a useful crop.
Treatment of diseased trees is a whole range of special measures to improve and improve immunity, as well as procedures leading to improved growth and development. That is, it is necessary to tune as much as possible to the fight against pathogens and the restoration of a diseased tree, and use all possible means for this!
This can be sprayed with growth inhibitors, fungicides and insecticides, injections under the bark and into the soil, the introduction of nutrients into the zone of development of the root system, treatment of cracks in the cortex, frost, closing serious hollows, other measures. But they all work in a complex, because you can’t just fertilize the soil, thereby adding nutrition to the plant, but not cure the external wounds on the trunk and branches.
From such events, there will be very little sense, and diseases will continue to develop, and pests will eat up the deciduous part and wood from the inside.
Why treat trees
Some coniferous diseases, which we recommend reading here, as well as serious fruit garden pests, are considered a pandemic among gardeners. Yes, that's right, the same rot, fungi and infections, as well as insects like the bark beetle, the material of which we also recommend for study, are practically incurable. You can deal with them in the initial stages, if you are an attentive gardener and notice a problem in time. If the disease is neglected or the insects are completely settled in the trees, the fight against them can take place without victories. It is clear that there are many preventative measures, but we so inappropriately forget about them, which is also the cause of serious problems.
That is why, if you notice troubles in the initial stages, even if they are associated with mechanical damage to garden plants, and not with diseases and pests, it is necessary to urgently take action!
At the moment, due to the activity of infections and insects, the adaptation of the latter to chemicals, as well as the skeptical attitude of summer residents to problems of this kind, we can see rather problematic gardens. Almost all plants are ill here - deciduous and coniferous, decorative and fruit. Previously, for example, Bordeaux liquid alone could perform a miracle, a solution on laundry soap also helped. Then the simplest preparations were introduced into the garden ... but all this does not work today, well, or it acts so weakly that the diseases and pests of the garden simply do not react to them at all. It is for this additional reason that the treatment of trees is necessary, and only with the use of effective classic and modern means!
A set of measures for the treatment of garden trees
We have already said that one drug or event, for which the summer resident inadvertently allocated time, can not do here. You need to set yourself up for serious loss of free time, spend a little money on a special tool for the garden, for example, the same secateurs that we talked about earlier in this article, and also choose the active drugs that the plants in the garden will process several times during the season.
Comprehensive inspection of the garden
We suggest that you start work on treating the garden and bringing it into full order. And the first step is to study, examine, diagnose, record and prepare for work. Yes, yes, that's right, we draw up a work plan for treating our own garden, take a sheet of paper and a pen, and examine each tree separately in the summer cottage.
You can immediately draw up a planting plan, place them pointwise according to the plan of the garden on a leaf, and then inspect and make notes next to each position, for example, “on an old apple tree there are cracked bark on the stem, thickened crown, bare roots, withered and yellowed leaves on several branches. ” So you will understand that it is necessary to clean the bark and repair the cracks, find the causes of leaf diseases and eliminate them, make a light pruning to let the right amount of air and sunlight into the crown.
A similar inspection and recording must be performed during the inspection of landings. Next, an analysis of the work done and planning, the selection of drugs, the definition of tasks.
Rooting of diseased trees, pruning
After drawing up an action plan, we propose immediately taking on more complex work, which can be considered the main one. We are just sure that there will be seriously ill trees in the garden, even those that still do not need to be removed, but seriously pruned - yes!
We remove diseased branches that cannot be cured, remove instances that cannot be saved, pull them out of the country, cut smaller and burn them. This is not categorical, because plant material can be used for a good deed, for example, in a compost pile, the construction of which our authors advise reading this article, as well as folded into a wood burning machine, from which ready-made dry brushwood can be taken to ignite a barbecue or stove. But there is always the danger of sequential infection, and the fact that only a few branches of the infection and pests spread further.
So, to the maximum we remove the diseased parts of the tree, which definitely cannot be treated, and go to the next point.
Pruning garden trees, working with a crown
Without going far from serious physical labor, we propose combining two stages. When pruning sick, broken and dry branches from trees in the garden, immediately clear the crown from thickets and tops, which only interfere and pull the juices onto themselves. Due to the thickening of the crown, it is possible to develop many diseases, the tree is poorly ventilated and lighted, practically does not warm up, and all this affects its well-being and future harvest.
Remove everything superfluous from the tree, and it will feel much better, and treatment will be even more beneficial.
Cleaning bark, minimizing problems on the trunk
The bark is a protective layer of the whole tree, thanks to which the wood does not dry out and does not crack, and pathogenic organisms do not penetrate inside. But the integrity of the bark is an inconsistent concept, since this layer is destroyed due to climate, atmospheric phenomena, mechanical influences, diseases, and the same insects that want to penetrate into the tree for food and nest formation. Therefore, it is necessary to monitor the quality of the barrel cover, protect it and restore it in case of problems.
If the tree bark is damaged or dry and cracked, the bark is cleaned, which can be read about here, and measures are taken to restore it. To do this, use garden var, other preparations prepared independently or purchased in specialized stores. Whitewashing is also used, which is very important for protection against insects, a combination of the hot sun and frost, and other influences.
By minimizing the problems with the bark, you help with its healing by creating a new, holistic layer of protection that acts as a barrier to many organisms that want to destroy your garden.
Pest and Disease Control
By destroying the foci of diseases and nests of pests, we reduce the negative load on the tree. But it is necessary not only to superficially remove all pathogens, but also to deal with them comprehensively, acting on infections and organisms with special means. To do this, we have long had a whole “first-aid kit for the garden”, which includes a wide variety of preparations for treating plants, from the simplest used as a preventive measure to strong chemistry, after which the fruits on the tree must be given a long period of “Weathering” of poisons. Thus, there is an increase in the tree's resistance to pests and diseases, but this is not all, because it is necessary to provide the trees in the garden with forces to deal with them.
Eliminating the causes of tree disease is a very correct approach, but restoring its strength, as well as providing all the nutrients for further development, is also a necessary measure!
Watering, fertilizing and mulching the soil in the garden
The best prevention of diseases of garden trees is compliance with all the rules of agricultural technology. Indeed, if a tree is fed on time with a complex of minerals, watered, cut, and also protected from drying out, freezing and other external factors, it has the strength and independently to resist many troubles.
Try to make the necessary fertilizers in time for each plant, be sure to water with the amount of water that the tree variety requires, its age, as well as the current condition. Do not spare water for the autumn recharging of trees in the garden, when they need to give quite a lot of water before wintering, introduce quality and even self-produced fertilizers under the root. But also do not forget to mulch the soil, protect the roots in the trunk circles, thereby providing a layer against evaporation of moisture and weathering of the soil. To do this, you can use sawdust, peat and even expanded clay. But you can get more specific information from the article on mulching!
How to treat trees in the garden: expert advice
There are generally accepted methods of treatment and more modern, which are described by manufacturers of various means of influence. But today we decided to stop at the classics, and give just a few tips that are sure to come in handy when caring for the garden.
How to make a garden var
Garden var has been used to treat trees from a wide variety of diseases, and gardeners have been known for decades. But since there are many newcomers to summer cottage, we will tell you how to prepare a garden var.
To prepare a remedy for treating trees, you need to heat up sunflower oil without salt, add wax and dry spruce resin to it (all components are taken in equal parts). You should also know that instead of sunflower oil, animal fats can be used in cooking var, and pine instead of spruce resin.
Instead of a garden var, you can use other viscous products that protect against external influences. It can even be plasticine, putty on wood, paint.
How to treat trees (video)
How to cure frost freezes
An unprotected tree can suffer from frost. Well, or just his protection will not work in front of a serious minus. In short, after a cold winter, there are quite a few “beaten” trees in the garden, which needs to be fixed immediately!
Initially, frost cracks do not represent serious damage, and even independently quickly tighten under certain conditions. But it is better to detect and cure them in time, since in the spring they can deepen and provide serious exfoliation of the cortex.
Wrapping with polyethylene, pinning off exfoliated bark with small cloves, and glossing over with garden varnish will help get rid of frost pits. But more interesting methods are possible, for example, rubbing with fresh sorrel. Further, applying sorrel gruel to the damaged place on the tree, and wrapping the stretch film with food wrap.
You can also stimulate the growth of the cortex and its strengthening, using the method of furrowing. To do this, you need to scare the tree in the literal sense of the word. It is necessary to take a knife and make furrows along the bark, shallow, without touching the wood. This stimulates the growth of new tissues, as well as accelerate the healing process in case of any external damage!
Large wound healing
The treatment of trees in the garden of the dacha means not only lightly smearing and cutting the old bark, but also more serious operations, when the damage on the trunk or branches is more than 10 cm wide.
A classic method of treatment is used for this, when a mixture of clay and cow manure is freshly applied to the wound, with a general consistency similar to sour cream. When such a patch is made, it is immediately necessary to wrap it with a piece of plastic film so that the mass does not dry out and fall off, but acts on the damaged place for as long as possible.
If the wounds are very large and can no longer be treated with garden varieties and similar putties, they can form mushrooms that accelerate the destruction of the tree. But you can’t give up, because you can always extend the life of a tree for several years. So use nigrol (TAT-15). This is engine oil that can be used even in waste form.
Trees in the garden can be cured if a problem is discovered on time. Therefore, we once again insist that the garden is not only a harvesting area for apples, plums and peaches, but also a specific area for work!