Regardless of the type, the lawn in the winter requires mandatory proper preparation. The complex of preparatory measures should be focused on soil and climatic conditions characteristic of each region.
Autumn lawn care: features for preparing for winter
Standard lawn care in the fall must necessarily include a set of mandatory procedures, including irrigation measures, mowing grass, fertilizing and soil aeration. Usually, the entire list of works is carried out from September to October, before the onset of frost.
Last haircut: when and how to mow the lawn before winter
The list of obligatory events includes the last haircut to be performed, Focusing on the following recommendations:
- the grass that is not trimmed in time withers and lays down, and in the spring, this layer works as a mulch that prevents new sprouts from germinating;
- the last time to cut lawn grass is necessary closer to a steady cooling, observing the weather conditions;
- you can use mowed grass as fertilizers for ridges from which the entire crop has already been collected or for laying in compost;
- starting in September, the soil cools sufficiently enough, which significantly inhibits the growth of the lawn cover and it is no longer possible to mow too low.
The average height of the grass stand should be approximately 50 mm. Stronger mowing negatively affects the condition of the lawn and can deplete it.
How to care for the lawn in autumn
Feeding and aeration
It is not too difficult to properly prepare the lawn for winter, but for this it is necessary to provide good nutrition in the autumn period and saturate the upper soil layers with enough oxygen. It should be remembered that the amount and composition of autumn dressing must be special, which will provide a lush lawn cover next year:
- can not be used in the autumn period of top dressing, which includes nitrogen-containing components;
- the main components of fertilizers that are used to feed herbs of any type in preparation for winter should be phosphorus and potassium, which do not provoke growth processes, but strengthen the root system and increase the level of winter hardiness;
- potassium fertilizer can be wood ash or potassium sulfate, as well as special autumn compounds for feeding grass;
- top dressing is carried out before irrigation activities.
A very important stage of preparation is the performance of aeration with special equipment. Aeration in small areas can be done with a pitchfork, which you need to carefully pierce the turf.
Competent training also includes an event such as mulching. As the lawn grows and develops, the soil becomes less even.due to regular watering, as well as changing seasons and mechanical stresses. Such features provoke the loss of the soil composition of minerals and salts, which are very necessary for the normal growth and development of plants. As a result, not only the appearance of the coating worsens, but pronounced bald spots also appear.
The situation can be corrected using mulch, which can be used as a special mixture of peat, sand and fertile soil. As a rule, mulching measures are supplemented with top dressing, which helps to increase the effectiveness of the procedures. Mulching helps to increase the beneficial turf layer and improves the growth processes of lawn grass. Also, mulch prevents drying of the soil and increases fertility as a result of saturation with nutrients. Through mulching, it is possible to increase winter hardiness and prevent the spread of weeds.
Mulch is poured on grass in late September or early October. It is optimal to use the following mixtures for this purpose:
- on clay soils - garden soil, sand and peat in a ratio of 2: 4: 1;
- on loamy soils - garden soil, sand and peat in a ratio of 4: 2: 1.
All components must be dry. The mixture is distributed evenly across the lawn cover, at the rate of one and a half kilograms per square meter.
It is recommended to carry out protective spraying precisely in the autumn period, after the average daily temperature indicators of air drop to a mark of plus 5 ° С. The greatest effectiveness was shown by spraying the grass cover with a modern systemic antifungal drug. It is recommended to use drugs such as Fundazole or Benomil. Very important in the spring, when steady warming sets in, repeat the treatment, which will prevent damage to the lawn by the pathogen of snow mold.
How to prepare a lawn for winter
How to protect the lawn in winter
The ice crust, under which the lawn grass feels very difficult, must be destroyed in a timely manner, otherwise a lack of breathing negatively affects the wintering. You can destroy the ice crust with ski poles, rakes or garden pitchforks, as well as with other suitable items. A small amount of potassium chloride also facilitates the destruction of infusion in frosty days..
Very bad effect on the state of grass perennial cover ice and trampled snow. Do not place a ski track over the lawn. It is especially dangerous to fill the rink on the surface with warm water that melts the snow.
Features of sowing a lawn for winter
Sowing seeds for the winter is required to be performed in the last decade of August or in September, until about twentieth. It is recommended to orient the sowing dates on soil and weather conditions., which will allow you to plant a lawn to frost. Otherwise, the sprouted seeds do not have enough time to grow stronger and freeze during a period of severe cold.
Experienced summer residents sow seeds on the lawn even in November, during the period of optimal freezing of the earth, but before the appearance of snow cover. In this case, planting material undergoes stratification under the influence of frost and obtains excellent resistance to temperature extremes and pathogens. In the spring, melting snow creates the most favorable conditions for the germination of lawn grass, one hundred guarantees the receipt of friendly shoots.
Before sowing, the area should be freed of debris and weed, and a plan should be made for how to place the lawn and level the surface of the soil. At the prepared site, sowing work can be done in about three weeks. It is necessary to spread fertilizers on the soil surface and with the help of a rake to top dressing in the soil. For sowing, special lawn seeders or hydraulic sowing devices are used. Sowing work must be done in calm cloudless weather. Crops must be provided not only with good nutrition, but also with sufficient moisture.
Lawn care after winter
No less attention will be required for lawn cover after winter colds. With the onset of steady spring heat it is very important to properly and timely feed the soil until the growth of young grass. Comprehensive care activities must include spring dressing.
Full-fledged fertilizers, in addition to phosphorus-potassium components, must necessarily contain nitrogen-containing substances. Only a fully balanced composition will ensure high-quality vegetation of plants. Top dressing should be done in the evening. It is recommended to shed lawn cover abundantly, which will help to obtain complete dissolution of fertilizers.
About one and a half to two weeks after feeding, it is required to "comb" the lawn grass. This procedure helps to ensure air access to the roots of plants. Untimely removal of dead grass often becomes the main cause of lawn disease. Also spring aeration is performed, which is especially important in areas of moisture stagnation and in lowlands. In small areas, the process of removing weed is carried out manually. It is advisable to use selective herbicides on large lawns. In addition, it is very important to carry out restoration work involving the sowing of seeds in bare places.
Lawn aeration after winter
As the long-term practice shows, correctly planted and well-groomed lawn grasses, regardless of the species, do not freeze during the winter period if there is a stable snow cover. Nevertheless, in order to maintain decorative attractiveness, it is very important to correctly prepare the grass cover for frost, having completed the entire set of measures, including watering, top dressing, aeration, prevention and mulching.