Lofant, also bearing such names as Anisovy hyssop, Giant hyssop, Anise crest, licorice mint, is a genus of herbaceous and perennial plants that belong to the Yasnotkovaya family. The natural habitat is the Far East, Central Asia, Tibet. All plant names are often associated with its vibrant inflorescences and anise-mint, fruity aroma.
Lofant is a perennial plant, quite branched, reaching a height of about 110 cm. It has a well-developed fibrous root system, beautiful leaves with tan marks of violet-brown color. Each branch has an end in the form of an inflorescence of 8-15 cm in length, consisting of blue-violet small flowers. Lofant blooms with good care for 1 year from June to August.
Hyssop propagates using seeds (seedlings or direct planting in the ground), dividing bushes or cuttings. The soil for sowing must be prepared in advance: dug up, cleared of weeds, compost or humus must be added at a rate of 4 kg per square meter.
- Seeds If the soil of the site is poor enough, then additional mineral complex fertilizer should be added. draws attention to the fact that the plant loves a fertile, loose soil with a neutral reaction. He does not like acidic, marshy, heavy loamy soils and grows worse on them. Seeds are sown in the early spring or before the winter to a depth of 0.5-1 cm in the ground. The distance between the rows is at least 50 cm. The first shoots are observed after two weeks, when the first 6-8 leaves appear, the sprouts should be thinned, leaving about 20 cm between them.
Seeds intended for seedlings are sown in April in boxes in the greenhouse, on the windowsill. When 2-3 leaves appear, the plant dives into pots. 50-60 days after sowing, the lofant landed on its permanent habitat at a distance of 20 cm.
It should be noted that the plants that were grown through seedlings are larger and stronger.
- Vegetative propagation. To do this, you need to pick up 3-4 summer bushes. In the spring they are divided into several parts and transplanted to other places.
- Cuttings. This method of propagation of hyssop is also not bad if you use green cuttings, the length of which should be 8-12 cm. Cutting occurs from the uterine bushes at the beginning of the summer period. Planting cuttings is best done in a shady place, and also cover with non-woven material to ensure a moist environment. Such measures will help the rapid formation of roots.
Lofant: plant care
In one area, the lofant can grow well for 6-7 years, while maintaining a high yield. At the same time, he prefers light, tolerates a lack of moisture, responds well to fertilizer and timely watering.
At the beginning of the summer season, hyssop should be fed with nitrogen fertilizer in the ratio of 10 g per sq. M., Forced (25-30 g) and potash (20 g). In general, these additives can be replaced with complex fertilizers. Also, the plant needs to be fed during the period after leaf cutting.
In dry summer, you should take care of additional watering of the plant.
Pests and diseases
Hyssop is a fairly resistant plant to various diseases and even pests. Sometimes it is only damaged by rust, fusarium wilting or white spotting. The fight against these diseases is carried out using agrotechnical methods.
Cleaning and storage
Plant harvesting should begin at the beginning of flowering. The bushes that you take to receive seeds are not cut off. A cut shoots must be dried in the shade at a temperature not exceeding 35 degrees. Store dried material in a sealed container in a dark place.
Lofant at the cottage
Hyssop and its beneficial properties
Lofant is a very popular plant in folk oriental medicine, which is also considered a symbol of wisdom and beauty. It helps the body recover from nervous disorders, hypertensive crises, strokes, has a beneficial effect on pressure, helps improve metabolism, reduces the dependence of well-being on weather conditions, and much more.
The plant essential oil has useful properties, especially bactericidal.
It is literally worth standing next to the plant for about 15-20 minutes, as the essential aromatic substances will make you feel rested, full of strength and energy. The thick stems of the lofant are therefore often added to bath brooms. The result is not only a fragrant, fragrant procedure, but also very useful.
The ground part of the plant has a special anise flavor and a sweet, pleasant taste.
Aniseed hyssop goes well in soups, salads, potato and cabbage dishes. But it is best to use it when cooking fish, cottage cheese, sandwiches, meat dishes and tea. Lofant is very well combined with plants that have a lemon smell.
An unusually delicate taste and aroma when using a lofant acquires homemade liquor. We recommend reading the article on caraway seeds.
It is also worth noting that the lofant is a wonderful honey plant. Its flowers contain a lot of nectar, which give good honey collection during 4 months of flowering. Lofant honey is golden in color, very fragrant and has healing properties.
Among other things, lofant is an ornamental plant, which is often used not only because of its beneficial properties, but also to decorate the site with many gardeners and summer residents. We recommend reading the article on growing peanuts in a personal plot.