Independent performance of work related to the installation of the pool should be carried out in accordance with certain provisions. If a person does not understand such issues, he can do something wrong, without having achieved the desired result. To avoid difficulties, you need to study the advice of experts before you get down to business.
Errors at the planning stage
- The first mistake that many make is related to the lack of a clear plan and an incorrect assessment of their capabilities. If you cannot correctly allocate funds to purchase the necessary materials, the work will be postponed indefinitely. The first step is to make a list of the necessary accessories and purchase them, and then proceed with the actions. The equipment can be primary (circulation, filtration and heating systems) and optional (hydromassage systems, waterfalls, decorative elements).
- At the next stage, they often make a mistake by choosing the wrong place for construction. The installation of the frame pool should be done in an area open to sunlight, located away from trees. It is better that the place is elevated, because such an arrangement is convenient. The reasons for this are the following reasons:
- Fine litter and leaves from the trees will not pollute the water.
- Installation of the pool on a hill prevents stagnation of water.
- Tree branches will not obscure the water with reflection.
- The location of the reservoir will allow you to comfortably jump into it from the start.
- Sunlight will warm the water well.
How to avoid mistakes at the initial stage of installation and calculation work
The pool should be located on a specially prepared foundation pit. Incorrectly calculated dimensions cause errors that occur during operation.
The length and width of the pit are calculated as follows: one meter is added to the size of the water tank (from all sides). The depth of the structure is also important, therefore, when determining it, be guided by the rules:
- The thickness of the lining material (film, geotextile, insulation) - 25 mm.
- Reinforced concrete panel (under the base of the bowl) - 200-250 mm.
- The thickness of the cushion of gravel and sand is 150-200 mm.
The height of the vertical wall must also be taken into account when determining the depth of the pool.
The top edge can rise above the ground by no more than 300 mm. A different arrangement is considered a mistake if it is not justified by clear reasons and exceptional design features. If the location of the pool will be a personal plot, it is necessary to assess the territory and check the content of groundwater. Under adverse conditions, care should be taken to eliminate water or resort to alternatives:
- partial deepening of the bowl,
- the use of a drainage system,
Installation of the pool without taking into account the groundwater of the area is a mistake leading to undesirable consequences. Particular attention in the performance of work should be given to preparing for the placement of a concrete slab. The bottom of the pit is pre-aligned with a sand cushion of gravel.
You should not neglect this procedure, otherwise the construction will not turn out beautiful and high-quality.
Useful tips for installing a pool from:
- if the area is uneven, place a support on the low side;
- for design, you can use a standard substrate;
- install the structure in warm and calm weather;
- use the base and support posts to give strength;
- Choose a medium-sized pool (large ones are difficult to install on their own).
By following these tips, you can avoid common mistakes. Most often, people ignore weather conditions and do not monitor air temperature, warmth and wind strength when installing a pool. Environmental factors matter, so you need to pay attention to them.
Features of various designs
In order to correctly install the structure, you need to study the information on the specific type of pool. General rules are always relevant, but you cannot rely solely on them. If you are guided by superficial knowledge in this matter, problems can arise after installation. Depending on the type of structure, specific techniques should be used.
Reinforced Concrete Pool
The walls of the pit for such a structure must be excavated at an angle of up to 7º (to the outside). This is done in order to avoid scattering of the earth and ensure safe conditions. The optimal depth is 1.5 meters. After leveling the soil, crushed stone and sand should be covered with a layer, the thickness of which should be between 20-30 cm. Next, a ruberoid on bitumen mastic is double-layer, 25 cm is bent on the walls. A wooden formwork should be made along the edges of the pool. Then you can fill the openings between the soil and the formwork with liquid concrete. The walls are reinforced in the thickness of concrete with a mesh made of steel. If the bowl is filled with water, the pipe must be installed in advance.
It is recommended to use cement milk and a flexible two-layer membrane that provides waterproofing. At the bottom of the pond, a grid should be installed, having previously laid out stones on the surface, and a drain pipe should be installed on one side. The end with the shut-off valve should be located in the pool itself, and the other must be placed in the pit for draining. In this case, it is necessary to pay attention to the fact that the pit should be located near the pond. You should not make too much distance between it and the pool.
The bottom is concreted with a layer of 15-25 cm, while the slope towards the low tide should be 5 cm. If you do not adjust the thickness of the layer, choosing it at random, this will be a mistake. It is better to clearly calculate the desired value, otherwise the structure can turn out with defects. The walls and bottom can be coated with a primer or ceramic tile, and then the surface is treated with oil paint. Tile joints are recommended to be sealed. Next, you need to install the stairs, pumps, side. Please note that you can use the pool after installation no earlier than a month later.
Fluid cleaning and fluid replacement work is performed every week.
Some people find that the smaller the pool, the easier it is to keep it clean. This opinion is erroneous: on the contrary, a small structure should be put in order more often. Small structures require special care, the condition of the reservoir must be constantly monitored. Compliance with these rules will help you properly install a reinforced concrete pool.
Frame pool installation
- Frame pool
To install such a reservoir, it is recommended to use polyvinyl chloride material of the desired size (for example, awning). The canvas is applied at a distance of 30 mm overlap. You should not experiment with overlay methods if you have no experience in such matters. The mistake of many people is the incorrect laying of the material, performed without taking into account the characteristics of the reservoir. The type of coating is also important, therefore it is better to use an awning - a durable material that does not leak water and does not stretch.
The seams are welded with hot air, and it is the building hair dryer that is used, and not any other. Make sure that the film does not burn during the work. When the tent is slightly melted, fix it with a rolling roller.
Please note that the film must not be left in its original state. Bend it along the upper perimeter by 7 cm and secure with tightening rings. Eyelets are installed by flaring at a distance of 0.5 m. Treat the frame with antiseptics, lay out two wells on the elongated sides and two more on the shortened ones, adjust the angles.
Erect the pillars, cover them from below with bituminous waterproofing, and fill the wells with crushed stone. Fix the fixed posts with a half-edged board at a distance of one meter from the ground surface. Fix the lower part with a shalevka, while making sure that the distance is within 20-40 cm. Next, triangular struts with a cross section of 50 x 50 mm are installed. Many do not comply with the established norm, as a result of which the structure loses its resistance to water pressure. Do not make such a mistake, make spacers with the specified section of the beam. Then install the ladder and tarp.
- Fiberglass pool
Such a structure can be erected without additional primer, putty and staining. Fiberglass pools are easy to install, the job will not require specific knowledge from you.
Ponds of this type have special advantages:
- high wear resistance;
- protection against corrosion and decay;
- immunity to weather conditions;
- environmental friendliness, tightness;
- lack of seams and roughnesses.
Top mistakes when installing a pool
If you do not know how to install pools and want to build a simple structure, work on which will be within your power, this option is ideal for you. You can avoid mistakes and complex processes when installing fiberglass construction. Dig a foundation pit in the shape of a bowl, compact the soil, cover it with a layer of sand and gravel. Place a fiberglass bowl in the prepared foundation pit, and then install pipes, waterfalls and other necessary equipment. Many drain water from such a pool, but this is not particularly necessary. In winter, the water freezes without causing any harm to the bowl.
Make sure that the area where the pool is located looks beautiful. Develop your own landscaping or seek help from specialists. You can decorate the site with beautiful plants, sculptures, decorative elements. Landscaping should be in the same style.
Make sure that all elements are harmoniously combined with each other. The mistake of many people is the carelessness shown in solving this issue.
Evaluate your idea before proceeding with its implementation.
A responsible approach to business will allow you to do the installation of the pool with your own hands in accordance with the rules and recommendations. The main thing is to avoid common mistakes and take into account the features of the reservoir. In the process of work, take into account all the nuances (choosing the right place, preparing materials, the sequence of various works, installing the main and additional equipment).
Pool at the cottage (20 photos)