House and garden

Land filling before landscaping


Land filling is a labor-intensive process, which is often associated with serious costs. Therefore, today we will consider different methods of dumping and try to find the most acceptable.

What to do before landscaping the site

Before landscaping, it is necessary to develop a future landscape map, the so-called project, which you decided to implement. Many existing plants on the territory can perfectly integrate into the future design, create a garden, a quiet shadow, but also strengthen the soil, which now, after rooting out, is even more loose and needs plastic, tamping “local repair”.

So, before landscaping, standard work is cleaning the area, cleaning unnecessary plants (which, in principle, was done) and importing a layer of fertile soil. A new layer is often necessary in cases where the old one was damaged, for example, buildings were dismantled at the site, glass, stone, and building mixtures got into the soil layer. It may be that this layer is simply badly damaged by toxic substances, for example, fuels and lubricants, poisons, and so on.

It will take up to 30 cm of a new fertile layer of the composition on which landscaping is oriented. In some cases, it can even be sand, but more often, it’s just fertilized land, which in a year can give significant results.

Landscaping or development

Before working on the site, you need to know exactly what it is for. If the territory is meant only as plants, then you can work according to the previous system - cleaning and importing new soil. If construction projects are planned, it is necessary to individually consider the project and correlate the existing conditions with future requirements.

Simply put, a small gazebo can be installed on almost any ground. To build a garage, you will need a better layer that will not float under weight and will withstand the construction for many years. If we are talking about a small cottage or even a private house, then in the case of marshland and a complete transformation of the site, we would recommend calling a geological examination, which will fully investigate the site for soil, construction opportunities, and so on, and also give a result or put forward a plan action.

Regardless of plans for the future, only landscaping or construction of objects will occur on the site, it is required to pay attention to the geoplasty of the soil in advance. Perhaps somewhere else you will need additional filling, and possibly excavation, leveling, other formation of planes and soil forms.

Gravel dumping: why not

It is clear why gravel dumping is unpopular, because its cost is about 3 times more expensive than sand, 5 times more expensive than construction waste and 2 times more expensive than soil or black soil. In this case, even if you see certain advantages, you have to make a decision past your own benefit.

But do not be upset, because you can do without rubble!

What is the filling site

Depending on requirements, filling can be made by the most various materials.

Gravel dumping

The option that we are not considering, but it is worth paying attention to it. Not the cheapest material, but quite practical, and even if it is necessary not only to fill in, but also to work with geoplastics, further construction, and decorative design of the territory.

Sand soil

Also a good option, which will help with the drainage of some areas, the creation of drainage layers, and also give the site an original look. Sand is often used to level sites, but it is worth remembering that not all plants can develop normally in such a layer, which means that sand may not be suitable for standard landscaping.

Dumping a summer cottage with construction waste

If the site has low zones, which are often filled with water, or pits that are inconvenient to level with other, more expensive materials, it is quite possible to use cheap construction waste, at least to create the main layer, on which fertile soil will lie on top.

In principle, this composition can also include sprinkling with brick or crushed concrete, or a mixture of them, which often makes up to two-thirds of construction waste. These options are well suited for creating drainage layers, as well as for foundation aggregates for small summer cottages.

Other filling materials

As we said earlier, there are many solutions for filling, but all of them are more decorative than formatted or draining. This expanded clay, asphalt chips, bark, wood chips, broken gravel, more expensive materials like granular glass.

Filling the plot with bark

Topping up the territory with bark or wood chips is an original approach in terms of decorativeness, but not always practical. The mass looks pretty, but only in combination with other materials. If the whole area is covered with wood chips or bark, this is not very correct. Today we talked with more savvy colleagues on this issue, and therefore we now have several interesting options that will help find the answer to your question:

  • Leave the site in the form in which it is now, additionally sprinkling only wetlands or often blocking places with more suitable materials for drainage, as well as creating additional decor;
  • Replace the bark with a better material, for example, the same construction waste that will be well-packed. And then, a layer of fertile soil of 30-40 cm. But then several not very pleasant factors arise - not all plants can grow in this environment, because a layer of construction debris will interfere with the root system, say, of ornamental plants, develop normally, and the cost of the whole process. The price is high, and the work will take a lot of time;
  • Pour soil over the bark. An interesting but very controversial decision. The crust rots very slowly on the surface of the soil, but inside the soil the processes will go faster. The top layer of the earth will be suitable for landscaping, and will become even more suitable in a few years, when the bark begins to rot faster in the layer. But these are experimental methods, especially since they differ in additional costs.

Drainage layer

Considering that you will grow flowers and grass on the plot, you may not need a very thick fertile layer. It is quite realistic that the one under the bark would be enough, but only the soil should be qualitatively cleaned of various roots and small shoots.

In general, the drainage of such a site can be performed using several ditches directed along the slope along the borders. About this scheme, we have articles on our website that we recommend you read.

But if you decide to completely stop the plot, then everything can be organized much more correctly and more practical, but again, taking into account the planting of only plants with small roots.

You can try to work from the direction of irrigation fields or similar systems. Initially lay on the territory if not rubble, then the battle of brick or concrete, be sure to on a pillow of sand. Further, in this layer, under the slope of the site and with the conclusion to the ditch, river, lake or ravine, a web of perforated pipes. On top of all this, a geotextile layer or other specialized materials, and cover the fertile soil with the last layer. By and large, if we took our drainage system away from the irrigation fields of local treatment facilities, then we brought it closer to the green roof systems.

How is the filling of a summer cottage (video)

Dumping and drainage of the site, its further formation and decoration - very expensive processes, and therefore we want to say right away that with savings on materials it is almost impossible to get a good result. Therefore, we specially cited as an example several inexpensive ways to correct the situation ... even if not the most correct ones, but maybe they will help to cope with the problem without fabulous costs and get a good result.