Tulips are a decoration for any garden or flower garden, their gentle and at the same time bright beauty always cause admiration and delight. These flowers are very fond of the variety of colors, sizes, shapes and structures of the flower.
Tulips in the country
These plants are most often grown in group plantings, elegant flowers are perfectly adapted for growing flower beds, rock gardens, borders, they feel good in all kinds of flowerpots, containers and even under trees with a sufficient amount of light received.
For several centuries, many varieties were bred, which allows you to create beautiful highly aesthetic compositions from tulips, as well as combine varieties so that the flowering of some varieties is smoothly replaced by the flowering of plants of another variety, and as a result, you can enjoy their flowering continuously from April to June.
In the composition with tulips, lilies of the valley, daffodils, hinodoxes and other spring-flowering cultures organically look. For a bouquet, flowers should be cut with 1-2 leaves so that the bulb remaining in the ground continues to develop successfully. Cut plants do not fade for a long time in a vase with water.
Flowering usually occurs in May-June, although the trend in recent years is such that tulips often bloom a few weeks earlier than traditional dates, due to general warming in the middle lane. These plants are characterized by a short growing season. After flowering ends, the leaves dry out, the bulbs seem to go into a dormant state, although it was at this time that a new flower formed in the mother's bulb.
Propagation of tulips
Plants reproduce with the help of daughter bulbs, which arise in the sinuses of the mother's bulb, as well as through seeds. After your plants bloom, the leaves dry out (usually this happens in July), you need to separate the daughter bulb and dry it for two days in a well-ventilated place and make sure that moisture and sun rays do not fall on it. After drying, lumps of earth and roots should be peeled from the bulb. Sorting healthy bulbs, they must be preserved for some time.
Moreover, at the beginning of 21 days, the temperature in the room where the bulbs are stored should be + 20 °, then it is desirable to reduce it to + 15, ° and then to + 9 ° ... + 12 °. Optimum humidity level approx. 80% Such conditions are recommended to be maintained indoors until the day of planting the bulbs in open ground. If the room temperature rises above the specified, then the flowering of tulips will come belatedly. It is recommended to dig bulbs every year, this will help to improve the reproduction rate, the growth rate of the bulbs and protect against pests and diseases.
Tulip Planting Tips
In order for the flowers to take root on your site, it is very important to choose the right place and soil for them. The place must be chosen so that the rays of the sun illuminate it well, and the cold winds do not blow. Ground water should not come closer than 60 cm to the surface, otherwise the bulbs will become wet and die as a result.
It is important that the plants grew in the selected place before. Flowers and vegetables are considered to be good predecessors, with the exception of species belonging to the nightshade family, as well as bulb plants, which share diseases and tulips and viruses tend to cross the soil.
Soil and planting
Tulips grow well on light sandy loamy soils with humus. On acidic soils, they quickly wither away; neutral and alkaline soils are more suitable. Based on these features, preparing a site with clay soil for planting, it is recommended to make a couple of buckets of river sand for each square. meter, and also lime at the rate of 50-55 g / m2.
Tulip bulbs are planted in the fall, from the second half of September to October, to give them time to root before the first frosts.
Early flowering varieties are planted 10-15 days earlier than late flowering.
Before you put the bulb in the soil, it must be carefully examined. In a healthy onion, the skin is clean, without spots, it is hard to the touch, it is better to immediately discard specks with spots. For prophylactic purposes, the bulbs recognized as suitable for planting are kept for 1 hour in a 0.2% solution of baseazole, then, after drying, they are planted. Planting is carried out in rows, between the individual bulbs leave 10-15 cm, row spacing leave 30-40 cm wide. Lay the material to a depth of 10-15 cm in the soil. Larger bulbs require more space around, which must be considered when planting.
We grow tulips ourselves
When the time comes for the first frosts, planting is covered with a 20-30 cm layer of straw, leaves or humus thick. For good development, tulips need a lot of fertilizer. When the first sprouts appear in the spring between the rows, you need to make mineral fertilizer by digging it to a depth of 10-12 cm. After 2 weeks, it is good to add liquid mullein, adding superphosphate and potassium chloride, 20 and 25 g each, to a bucket of water, respectively. For the third time, the same mixture of fertilizers must be applied during the flowering period.
If the soil has been properly prepared, then the care will be uncomplicated. Basically it comes down to loosening the soil, removing weeds and watering. It is necessary to water tulips even after flowering has finished, for about a couple of weeks, until the aboveground part begins to turn yellow. Water during this period is needed by new growing bulbs.
Those flowers that have already bloomed must be removed.
On tulips of some varieties it is sometimes possible to notice variegation, this is a sign of a viral disease that is carried by insects and on knives used to cut flowers. Instances with variegated flowers have to be destroyed so that healthy plants do not get sick. In general, it is recommended to regularly examine the flowers in order to identify diseased plants on time and prevent the infection from spreading. About the varieties of tulips this article will tell.
How to grow tulips
These are the main recommendations for growing tulips, it is not so difficult to fulfill them, especially when such beauty grows before your eyes.