Against the background of all plants, wild rose stands out with a particularly high content of ascorbic acid, P-active substances and carotenoids. Small-fruited types of rose hips are a storehouse of vitamin C. All these vitamins and substances useful to humans are found in rose hips, and vitamin C is also present in the leaves. Carotene gives the pulp of rose hips a characteristic orange color. In addition, rosehip is a source of B vitamins (B1, B2, B9), E, PP, K. Rosehip has phosphorus and potassium, and also contains trace elements: iron, iodine, zinc, molybdenum, manganese, etc.
Rosehip in a summer cottage
Growing a dogrose at your summer cottage means providing yourself with a stock of these valuable multivitamin fruits, which, no doubt, can be considered a very successful idea, the only question that arises is how to plant a dogrose and then grow it. “J”> Rosehips tolerate drought well, and adapt well to poor soils, although, of course, on fertile loamy soil, floodplain soils, and also loamy yields, they are much better, especially with good moisture. Rosehip does not take root on very moist or excessively dry sandy soil; it is unlikely that rosehip will grow on carbonate re-known soils.
Rosehip can be bred in different ways - by seeds, separation of bushes, using layering and root offspring, cuttings, finally, grafting.
Proper organization of rosehip plantings
It is most reasonable to plant two groups of rosehip varieties on the site: several plants of a small-fruited species and approximately the same number of bushes of large-fruited dog-rose. Small-fruited dog rose is good for drying, making vitamin tea, healthy infusions, decoctions. Fresh large rose hips are eaten, jam, compotes are cooked from them, processed in other ways. In addition, large-fruited dogrose is often added to various dishes to enrich them with vitamins.
It is important to know that in the group of dogrose of the same variety, most plants do not form an ovary if they are pollinated with pollen from the dogrose of the same variety. It is necessary that pollen from a dogrose of a different variety fall on them, therefore it is necessary to have nearby planting of a dog rose, but of a different species, variety. Thus, for a successful breeding of rose hips, the site must have planted at least two bushes of different varieties, or of the same variety, but grown from seeds.
Tillage before planting
You can fertilize with compost (manure) at the rate of 6-8 kg per 1 m2. Organic fertilizers must be applied to the land in advance, preferably 20-30 days before planting, if it happens in the fall. For spring planting, fertilizers must be applied in October during the final tillage and planted 20-30 cm into the soil.
Experienced gardeners plant rose hips along the border of the site, forming one row from it, either in the form of a curtain on a lawn or in a flower garden, leaving between 1.5 and 2 meters plants. The optimal material for planting is one or two-year-old seedlings having a branched root system. For a seedling, a hole is necessary with sides and a depth of 30 cm. The size of the hole depends on whether pre-fertilizers were applied, if the earth was not fertilized, then it is better to expand the hole to a width of 50-80 cm and make it deeper (40-50 cm). In these pits, planting rose hips in them, they pour earth taken from a humus horizon, and up to 10 kg of well decomposed compost or semi-overripe manure. Also, 100-200 g of superphosphate and potassium salt in an amount of 30-50 g are added. Then the plant must be well watered (pour at least 8 l), mulch the soil on the surface of the pit with peat crust or humus, applying a layer of 3-5 cm. In the planted seedling rosehips the aerial part is cut, leaving branches, 5-10 cm towering above the soil. For good rosehip growth, the soil around the planting should be kept loose, time to remove weeds, water abundantly in dry periods, then loosen and mulch.
Rosehip bush formation
Usually, 10-12 branches of different ages are left in the rosehip bush, although in small-fruited varieties this amount can reach 18 -20., Including basal shoots and offspring from the root in the bush.
In the second year, 4-6 strong basal shoots are left in the small-fruited variety, all weak, broken, diseased branches are removed. Those shoots that remain are pruned to a height of 60 cm, stimulating them to actively branch in the summer months. In the third year, weak branches are removed again in spring, leaving 4-6 strong branches from the root, first-order shoots from two-year-old branches are cut into 3-4 buds, from which fruitful shoots will grow in summer. Over the next couple of years, they continue to operate in the manner described above. New root siblings expand the bush in diameter up to 30-50 cm.
As a rule, at a certain age (for large-fruited rose hips for the fourth to fifth year, and for small-fruited for the sixth-seventh year), the number of shoots that appear appears to decrease, the buds become smaller, the fruits themselves are smaller, and their yield is significantly reduced.
Such old branches need to be cut off at the root, replacing them with the same amount of strong basal shoots or root offspring.
Harvesting and drying fruits
Rosehip bush lives on average approx. 20-25 years, and in one place usually no more than 10-12 years. The maximum content of vitamin C is observed in ripe fruits of red or orange-red color. At this point, they must be collected. Rosehips of large-fruited varieties and intended for jam are removed immature. Varieties that are valued for a high concentration of vitamin C must be managed to be removed before the first frost, which can significantly reduce the vitamin content in fruits.
Dried rosehip retains vitamin C best. Drying is done like this: by putting the rose hips in one row on a baking sheet, it is placed in an oven heated to 100 degrees. After 8-10 minutes, they are removed, poured onto a sieve and, stirring occasionally, dried for about 7 hours at a temperature of 60-70 degrees. After drying, sepals are removed from the fruit. For two days, the dogrose lies at room temperature, after which it is packaged in bags and placed in a cool place with a low level of humidity. An article about a snowman will also be interesting.
Rosehip and sea buckthorn
After going through all the steps described, you will receive a product that is valuable for health from your own site and you can use it in various ways that are beneficial to your health. The material about decorative almonds will be interesting.