Although turnip was previously considered the food of the poor and was not the most popular culture, at a certain time it acquired a “name” and began to be used even at expensive banquets and banquets. Today, the culture is grown in every second country house and takes its place on the table, like a vitamin and quite tasty fruit.
There are a lot of recipes with turnips, although many of us know only a few of them, and even never cooked root vegetables. However, if you keep a small plot with turnip in the country, you can get fruits that are rich in vitamin C, B vitamins, calcium, iron, potassium and phosphorus, which perfectly support the health of the body.
Turnip planting soil
The most favorable is light soil. It can be peat bogs, sandstones, loams. It is advisable to fertilize the soil well and make it neutral in time if acidity is increased. Well in this case, liming or applying ash, 120-150 g / m2.
It is advisable to choose a flat and warm area for your turnip, without any special drafts or shading. Although if you plant the root crop in a place convenient for you, it will not affect the harvest, especially. The only thing is not worth growing turnips in those parts of the garden where cabbage was grown in past years.
Turnip planting in the country
To get early root crops, turnips are planted in late April, or maybe in early May, the main thing is that the soil is already slightly warmed up. If the root crop is grown for winter storage, planting occurs in early June.
Before planting seeds, the soil should be loosened, but immediately and slightly rolled. On the bed you need to make shallow, only 1-2 cm grooves, in rows every 20 cm. Sowing is not very dense, 2 seeds per centimeter. If you got small seeds in general, then sowing can be done with ballast, mixing the seeds with sand. After sowing, the beds are mulched with humus, and after a few days they are sprinkled with ash.
Be careful with early sowing turnips, as its seedlings can be destroyed by pests!
With early spring planting turnip seedlings do not suffer from temperature. All they need is just + 1 + 3 ° C to germinate and develop.
The most favorable conditions for young plants are mild weather, sunlight and a minimum of shading. Therefore, it is right to grow turnips in open ground.
Do not be late with thinning, the first must be carried out already at the stage of formation of several real sheets. Thinning is carried out in such a way that between plants there are 3-5 cm of free space. After 2-3 weeks, repeated thinning is performed when all immature and diseased plants are removed from the row, and a landing is formed with spaces up to 8-10 cm.
It is most correct to engage in this process in the late afternoon, as well as on moist soil.
When caring for young crops, it is necessary to cultivate the soil in the garden. It should be systematically loosened to increase aeration, as well as remove all possible weeds. It is advisable to do this manually so as not to damage the greens.
If the soil is fertile, then it will not require special fertilizing. It is only necessary to introduce slurry and boric acid (0.1% solution) to nourish the plants.
You can also bring ash into the soil, which is done after watering the plants in the garden.
Initially, turnips are planted on flat or even slightly lowered areas so that an acceptable moisture level is maintained in the soil. Good root crops can only be obtained with normal plant nutrition.
If the summer turned out to be arid or planting occurred in high areas, root crops will need watering. It is enough to produce it several times a week, using up to 30 liters of water for each square meter of landings.
If the turnip is not watered, the quality of the fruit seriously deteriorates. They can become bitter, crack or condense and dry out, which also spoils the taste and presentation.
Young crops are watered from a watering can with a fine sieve, so as not to damage the plant with a stream, a taller turnip can spill from a hose with a standard diffuser.
Particular attention should be paid to watering during the growing season and a few weeks before the harvest, since at this stage the fruit and its qualities are actively formed.
Harvesting turnips in the country
Harvesting is carried out in several stages and depending on how you grow turnips, for an early or late harvest.
Root crops with a diameter of 7-10 cm are considered most suitable, but earlier harvesting is possible when the turnip reaches a diameter of 4-5 cm. If harvesting is late, do not tighten it to frost, since even the slightest step towards negative temperatures makes the fruits soft and not particularly tasty. Moreover, in this condition they will not be able to be stored for long.
Plants are removed from the soil without much effort, just by hand. Sometimes you can dig up turnips so as not to damage the adult fetus. At the same time, diseased pests and diseased plants go to waste, but the highest quality crop is cleaned of leaves and land, dried in the fresh air and placed in a dry, cool and dark storage.
When harvesting, try not to damage the skin on the root crops, as this may affect further storage negatively!
If turnips were grown in a favorable climate and in compliance with all agricultural conditions, you can get a pretty good crop, up to 3-4 kg per square meter of planting.
Varieties of turnips
Professionals-summer residents and specialists-breeders today single out the most successful varieties for planting in the country. We are pleased to introduce them and hope that they will yield a good harvest in your country house!
A large turnip variety that grows to a weight of 400-500 g. A mid-season variety with tasty and juicy white pulp that does not require special care, only timely thinning and watering.
Mid-season high-yielding variety, the fruits of which can be eaten whole, even leaves are used. The pulp is of moderate sweet taste without bitterness, the weight of the fruit reaches 500 g.
The difference is immediately noticeable, because the variety grows to small sizes and the weight of each root crop is only 100-120 g. The fruits are quite juicy and tasty, although they differ in shape from the standard.
The following varieties are also on our list - this is the Golden Ball, Moon, Geisha, Orbit, Petrovskaya-1, Early Purple, Snezhok, Snegurochka, Milan White and Munich Early. Each has its own advantages and has a high vitamin and mineral value.
Turnip and its useful properties
Growing turnips in the country is a good thing, because in addition to delicious dishes prepared with its use, you can get many useful substances with the use of the fetus, and increase the level of body health.