For simplicity, we divide all the species diversity of vines into perennial and annual vines for the garden. In both groups there are both decorative and fruit species. We will talk about the most common types of vines in our latitudes and start with annual climbing plants for the garden.
Annual creepers for the garden
Annual creepers are very diverse, it is worth mentioning at least passiflora, morning glory, decorative beans, and there are also tens and hundreds of other species. Along with large differences in the appearance of these vines, there are common features, for example, almost all have long stems, from which there are almost never side branches, greens and flowers of a very attractive appearance.
Annual views serve as an excellent decoration for balconies, terraces, fences and the actual suburban area.
Curly annuals should be planted where the soil is often dug up. It should be a sunny place, light is necessary for vines for good development. The species diversity of vines allows you to create a variety of combinations. But you have to plant annuals every year again and at the same time make sure that the seeds scattered by them do not germinate in inappropriate places, because lianas can easily force other flowers out of the flowerbed.
When planting vines, you need to take care of the vertical supports, which are suitable branches folded by a pyramid, hedge, nets. The support should be not thick so that the shoot of the liana can cling to it.
It is advisable to establish a support already when planting, since the support attached to an already sprouted plant can touch and damage the roots. Since we are talking about annual vines, there is no need for warming for the winter, and regarding pruning, we remove the shoots that look clearly superfluous.
Perennial creepers for the garden
Now it will pass to perennial vines, of which there are a great many, we will consider several popular species, tell about their planting, wintering, pruning.
For the saturated color of the leaves and long flowering (from summer until the end of autumn), the climbing rose is loved by gardeners. It blooms once a year, very plentifully, on it you can always see a lot of inflorescences from flowers that have already opened and buds that are waiting in the wings.
The place for it must be selected well-lit by the sun, nearby should be a strong support, preferably wooden, so that the plant does not freeze in the cold.
And winter for a climbing rose is a real test, because this delicate plant is not adapted to our frosts. Therefore, it is required to wrap it carefully for the winter in order to preserve the shoots, without which in spring you can not see flowers. The root of the plant is insulated with wood sawdust, and individual branches are wrapped with non-woven material.
After the end of the cold season, dry branches are cut, and once every three years it is necessary to thin the bush to make room for new shoots.
This is an interesting climbing plant, it has amazing flowers, reminiscent of a gramophone tube in appearance, with which foliage of a light green hue harmoniously blends. Kampsis tolerates winter well, although after it he wakes up for a long time, for which he is also called the "sleeping beauty." Campsite blooms all summer.
Campsis is an extremely unpretentious plant that does not need care, except for the planting time, when it can not take root and die. However, do not rush to remove the seedlings that have dried up, the campsite can suddenly come to life, as its adaptation period can be long, as well as after wintering. The established campis grows rapidly, increasing to 10 meters in size in the first couple of years, and in 4-5 years the shoots from the root will go, so it is better to plant it in a separate flower bed or in a fenced part to limit the excessive growth of roots in breadth.
Campsis is quite heavy, it will need a strong support, by the way, its tiny roots stick perfectly to the wall.
A haircut for the campsite is not required at all, unless you have to make sure that the entire site does not turn into a thicket from the campsis.
Actinidia is a seemingly rather powerful perennial vine, possessing at the same time grace and beauty. It is unpretentious, it is always pleasant to look at it, in spring - at the lush, tender green foliage, which turns crimson red by autumn, and orange berries will appear on the vine in winter.
Actinidia is not demanding on the quality of the soil, however, loves the sun and a lot of light. It is good to plant it near the northeast, east or west wall of the house, the fence. In actinidia, planted on the north side, flowering occurs later, the buds also bloom later, which serves as protection against spring frosts.
Actinidia can easily survive the winter, if during the period of fruiting and flowering she was provided with proper care, the main thing for which is abundant watering for her.
Trimming actinidia should be done at the appropriate time: during flowering, as soon as it fades, and after the leaves fall. Young plants are cut so as to give it a beautiful shape, for which most shoots are removed, keeping 2-3 of the strongest. In subsequent years, pruning will be reduced to the removal of weak and dry branches.
Wild grapes perfectly cling to walls, any fences and trees, so it is widely used for vertical gardening, it is very picturesque braids with its leaves on the surface, green leaves gradually turn red, which looks unusually beautiful.
This plant will perfectly take root practically anywhere, if only there is a support nearby, on which it can wander. Moreover, the support should be very stable and strong, the weight of the plant is quite large. Usually, ropes, nets, and fittings act as a support.
By winter, only bunches of berries remain on the wild grapes, all leaves will fall off. It happens that some branches freeze during severe frosts, but this is not scary, since soon new shoots will appear from the root.
Wild grapes do not require special care, pruning is carried out where the overgrown branches are no longer in place and create problems. Care should be taken to ensure that young bushes, sprouted in spring from seeds that have fallen to the ground, do not flood the entire site, displacing all other species.
There are different types of honeysuckle, some species do not bloom, others bloom and produce surprisingly pleasant aromas, the fruits of some types of honeysuckle can be eaten. Honeysuckle buds open in the evening and butterflies flock to their aroma.
Honeysuckle is undemanding to the soil, although it will develop better on loamy and loamy soils, loves a lot of light. She rarely gets sick, most pests are not scary for her. Young shoots of the last year can freeze, although in general winter honeysuckle tolerates well. It is good if for the winter the shoots of honeysuckle turn out to be the floor with fallen leaves or deep snow. Before wintering, it is recommended to remove the young plant from its support, and old bushes are covered with non-woven material and attached with clothespins. In principle, even for a two-year honeysuckle, warming is not necessary, except that at very low temperatures there will be a risk of icing.
The best time for pruning honeysuckle bushes is late autumn, it is carried out according to the type of thinning, the old top is cut, shoots lying directly on the ground are also cut.
Everyone knows the vine with its rich green foliage. After flowering, clusters of berries appear on the vine, gradually changing color from green and amber to black and burgundy. In winter, all the leaves from the grapes fall off, there remains only woody whips, which will be covered with shoots and leaves again by next spring.
Creepers in the garden. Secrets of using vines in landscape design (video)
One of the best places for planting grapes is near the wall of the house, along which the grapes, growing, will weave. Another option is to put the grapes on a pergola, then it can be used as a decoration for a gazebo. Planting is recommended on the western side, illuminated by the sun in the afternoon.
Grapes in our latitudes have a tendency to freeze out, in order to avoid this, it must be abundantly watered in the summer, and weak shoots must be pruned in a timely manner. It is also worth warming the grapes for the winter, covering the roots with sawdust or spruce branches.
Pruning is carried out in order to improve productivity and get a lush crown. Pruning options depend on the specific grape variety and geography of growth; for proper pruning, you will need to consult the seller or local gardening experts.
This is perhaps the most famous perennial climbing plant. Its large thick green leaves form an impenetrable carpet, but ivy has practically no flowers, at least in our latitudes.
Ivy is not the best choice for the garden, although it is unpretentious, but in winter it can completely freeze, and in the summer it can burn out under the bright sun. However, in many gardens you can see the walls, completely covered with this climbing plant. By the way, with the same effect, ivy can also be used as a cover for a lawn.
For ivy, a calm and well-lit place should be selected. When planting ivy near the wall, so that it covers it like a blanket, you need to take care of the support for it in the form of a crate or taut ropes in a timely manner. At first, you need to tell him in which direction to wander, and then he will continue to attach to the wall on his own.
Ivy winters, not dropping its green robe, leaves are replaced in spring. Pruning is done for shoots that go beyond ivy.
Care for creepers (video)
Clematis blooms very beautifully, the external petals can be of various shades, which can be chosen to your taste when buying a plant. The inner petals are light or even white, the tips are colored, like leaves.
This is not to say that clematis is demanding on growing conditions, but still it will feel better on the sunny side. It is important that the roots are covered, otherwise care is not required. To make it easier for clematis to wander, it is recommended to immediately install a fabric (fluted) mesh fixed to a stable support. The clematis leads are its leaves, with which it will creep up the net.
Clematis winters well, dropping leaves and remaining only with thin dry branches. In the spring comes to life, becomes leafy and begins to blossom.
Gardeners advise pruning a plant when it reaches human growth, depending on the variety of clematis, there may be certain nuances associated with pruning, so it is advisable to consult with specialists.
This plant grows in the southern regions. Something reminiscent of a campsis, for example, with a thick stem and cirrus leaves of a light green hue. Wisteria acquires a particularly chic look when it is in bloom; its inflorescences can be of different colors - blue, pink, white, lilac, and so dense that you can not see either the stems or leaves.
Wisteria's whimsicality does not apply to soil, but to climatic conditions, it requires a place without drafts, well heated by the sun. In the place where you will plant wisteria, moisture should not accumulate, otherwise in winter this will lead to icing of the stems and freezing of the soil, which will inevitably destroy the plant.
In principle, a wooden or metal pergola should act as a support, but in any case it is better to make the support more reliable, wisteria have powerful lashes and, growing, it acquires an impressive weight, which a weak support can not withstand.
In winter, to avoid icing of the stems, wisteria, where possible, is wrapped in non-woven material.
Wisteria is trimmed 2 times a year. In the autumn, young shoots are cut halfway, and in the summer, somewhere in the last days of July, all shoots are again cut to 2/3 of the length. Pruning contributes to more kidneys in the coming year.
We have described several common types of vines for the garden, it may help you make the right choice, but remember that there are many other varieties of climbing plants, so there will be plenty to choose from.